At present there is not a reliable vaccine against herpes virus. Viral protein vaccines as yet have proved unsuccessful to meet the challenge of raising an appropriate immune response. Cantab Pharmaceuticals has produced a virus vaccine that can undergo one round of replication in the recipient in order to produce a more specific immune reaction. This virus is called Disabled Infectious Single Cycle Herpes Simplex Virus (DISC HSV) which has been derived by deleting the essential gH gene from a type 2 herpes virus. This vaccine has been proven to be effective in animal studies.
Existing methods for the purification of viruses rely on laboratory techniques and for vaccine production would be on a far too small a scale. There is therefore a need for new virus purification methods to be developed in order to meet these large scale needs.
An integrated process for the manufacture of a purified recombinant DISC HSV is
described. The process involves culture of complementing Vero (CR2) cells, virus
infection and manufacture, virus harvesting and subsequent downstream processing. The identification of suitable growth parameters for the complementing cell line and optimal limes for both infection and harvest are addressed. Various traditional harvest methods were investigated and found not to be suitable for a scaled up process. A method of harvesting, that exploits the elution of cell associated viruses by the competitive binding of exogenous heparin to virus envelope gC proteins, is described and is shown to yield significantly less contaminated process streams than sonication or osmotic approaches that involve cell rupture (with> 10-fold less complementing cell protein). High concentrations of salt (>0.8M NaCl) exhibit the same effect,
although the high osmotic strength ruptures cells and increase the contamination of the process stream. This same heparin-gC protein affinity interaction is also shown to provide an efficient adsorptive purification procedure for herpes viruses which avoids the need to pre-treat the harvest material, apart from clarification, prior to chromatography. Subsequent column eluates provide product fractions with a 100-fold increase in virus titre and low levels of complementing cell protein and DNA (0.05 pg protein/pfu and 1.2 x 104 pg DNA/pfu respectively).
|Date of Award
|Nigel K.H. Slater (Supervisor)
- herpes simplex virus type 2
- DISC HSV
- virus release
- affinity adsorption
- virus purification