The political control of orthodoxy in the construction of the Romanian State, 1859-1918

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This article analyses the relationship between Orthodoxy and state from the unification of the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859 to the creation of Greater Romania in 1918. Examining the attitudes of political leaders towards the dominant religion, this article argues that during the reigns of Prince Cuza and King Carol I the Church became a state institution closely connected to the development of political regimes. It is suggested that by claiming doctrinal religious connections with Constantinople and independence from foreign intervention in the Church’s affairs, religious and political leaders from 1859 to 1918 amplified the construction of Romanian national mythology which contributed towards the political unity of the state.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-81
Number of pages22
JournalEuropean History Quarterly
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Church-State relations, nationalism, orthodoxy, Romania


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