A high‐density EEG investigation into the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying differences between personality profiles in social information processing

Kristína Czekóová, Daniel Joel Shaw, Martin Lamoš, Beáta Havlice Špiláková, Miguel Salazar, Robert Roman, Milan Brázdil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated whether differences between personality styles in the processing of social stimuli reflect variability in underlying general-purpose or social-specific neurocognitive mechanisms. Sixty-five individuals classified previously into two distinct personality profiles underwent high-density electroencephalography whilst performing tasks that tap into both aspects of cognitive processing – namely, two distinct facets of general-purpose response inhibition (interference resolution and action withholding) during social information processing. To determine the stage of processing at which personality differences manifest, we assessed event-related components associated with the early visual discrimination of social stimuli (N170, N190) and later more general conflict-related processes (N2, P3). Although a performance index of interference resolution was comparable between the personality profiles, differences were detected in action withholding. Specifically, individuals expressing a wider repertoire of personality styles and more adaptive emotion regulation performed significantly better at withholding inappropriate actions to neutral faces presented in emotional contexts compared with those exhibiting stronger preferences for fewer and less adaptive personality styles and more ruminative affective tendencies. At the neurophysiological level, however, difference between the profiles was observed in brain responses elicited to the same stimuli within the N170. These results indicate that neural processes related to early visual discrimination might contribute to differences in the suppression of inappropriate responses towards social stimuli in populations with different personality dispositions.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Early online date6 May 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 May 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: 'Czekóová, K., Shaw, D.J., Lamoš, M., Špiláková, B.H., Salazar, M., Roman, R. and Brázdil, M. (2022), A high-density EEG investigation into the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying differences between personality profiles in social information processing. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology' , which has been published in final form at: https://doi.org//10.1111/sjop.12824 . This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.

Keywords

  • General Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • General Medicine

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