A multifunctional Pd/alumina hollow fibre membrane reactor for propane dehydrogenation

Ejiro Gbenedio, Zhentao Wu, Irfan Hatim, Benjamin F.K. Kingsbury, K. Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Following a successful development of a hollow fibre membrane reactor (HFMR-I) [1], a highly compact multifunctional Pd/alumina hollow fibre membrane reactor (HFMR-II) was further developed and applied to the catalytic dehydrogenation of propane to propene. The developed HFMR-II consists of a thin and defect-free Pd membrane coated directly onto the outer surface of an alumina hollow fibre substrate with a unique asymmetric pore structure, i.e. a sponge-like outer layer and a finger-like inner layer where Pt (1 wt.%)/SBA-15 catalyst is deposited. Benefiting from this novel design, the functionalized alumina hollow fibre substrates with a surface area/volume value of up to 1918.4 m2/m3 possess a catalyst surface area of 31.8 m 2/g, which is significantly higher than that of the HFMR-I in which Pt (0.5 wt.%)/γ-Al2O3 catalyst is deposited. In contrast with a conventional fixed bed reactor (FBR), greater propene selectivity and a one order of magnitude higher space-time yield (STY) have been achieved by using the HFMR-II for propane dehydrogenation. Although the process controlling step in the HFMR-II is believed to be the catalytic reaction, as a consequence of catalyst deactivation due to coke-formation, the advantages of HFMR-II, such as easy catalyst deposition and high catalytic surface area for catalytic reactions, are promising for other catalytic reactions with less coking problems, such as the water-gas-shift (WGS) reaction and steam reforming (SR) etc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-99
Number of pages7
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume156
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Alumina hollow fibre
  • Asymmetric structure
  • Dehydrogenation of propane
  • Membrane reactor
  • Pd membrane
  • SBA-15

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