A Sensorless and Adaptive Control Strategy for a Wind Turbine Based on the Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and PWM-CSC

N Xing, J. Xia, W. Cao, Z. Lin, S. Gadoue

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In order to control, protect and monitor the variable-speed wind turbine generator system, the rotor position sensor and the speed sensor are usually equipped with the system to measure the rotor position and wind speed. However, with the utilisation of these sensors, not only the hardware complexity and the cost increases, but also the reliability of the system impairs. Aiming to solve problems which incurred during using these sensors in the system, this paper presents a sensorless and adaptive control strategy for a wind turbine based on the surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG). In addition, the pulse-width modulated current source converter (PWM-CSC) is used in the system, which may offer more advantages in the medium size wind turbine. The proposed strategy uses a novel model reference adaptive system (MRAS) as an observer to estimate the rotor position and speed of the PMSG. In general, the PI controller using the method is tuned by trail-and-error. This is tedious and inaccurate and therefore new control algorithms are developed such as model predictive control (MPC). As one of the most effective control techniques for applying in the multi-variable systems control schemes, MPC has been widely implemented to resolve complex control applications. The presented control strategy will be developed in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives
Subtitle of host publicationImprovement in Efficiency of Electric Drives, IWED 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherIEEE
Pages1-6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-9453-4
ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-9454-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2019
Event2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improvement in Efficiency of Electric Drives (IWED) - Moscow, Russia
Duration: 30 Jan 20192 Feb 2019

Conference

Conference2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improvement in Efficiency of Electric Drives (IWED)
Period30/01/192/02/19

Fingerprint

Synchronous generators
Wind turbines
Permanent magnets
Rotors
Sensors
Model predictive control
Multivariable systems
Adaptive systems
Turbogenerators
MATLAB
Hardware
Controllers
Costs

Keywords

  • model predictive control
  • model reference adaptive system
  • permanent magnet synchronous generators
  • the pulse-width modulated current source converter
  • trial-and-error
  • wind turbines

Cite this

Xing, N., Xia, J., Cao, W., Lin, Z., & Gadoue, S. (2019). A Sensorless and Adaptive Control Strategy for a Wind Turbine Based on the Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and PWM-CSC. In 2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improvement in Efficiency of Electric Drives, IWED 2019 - Proceedings (pp. 1-6). [8664302] IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/IWED.2019.8664302
Xing, N ; Xia, J. ; Cao, W. ; Lin, Z. ; Gadoue, S. / A Sensorless and Adaptive Control Strategy for a Wind Turbine Based on the Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and PWM-CSC. 2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improvement in Efficiency of Electric Drives, IWED 2019 - Proceedings. IEEE, 2019. pp. 1-6
@inproceedings{e84e5b7fa3114fb3afeb197025d68980,
title = "A Sensorless and Adaptive Control Strategy for a Wind Turbine Based on the Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and PWM-CSC",
abstract = "In order to control, protect and monitor the variable-speed wind turbine generator system, the rotor position sensor and the speed sensor are usually equipped with the system to measure the rotor position and wind speed. However, with the utilisation of these sensors, not only the hardware complexity and the cost increases, but also the reliability of the system impairs. Aiming to solve problems which incurred during using these sensors in the system, this paper presents a sensorless and adaptive control strategy for a wind turbine based on the surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG). In addition, the pulse-width modulated current source converter (PWM-CSC) is used in the system, which may offer more advantages in the medium size wind turbine. The proposed strategy uses a novel model reference adaptive system (MRAS) as an observer to estimate the rotor position and speed of the PMSG. In general, the PI controller using the method is tuned by trail-and-error. This is tedious and inaccurate and therefore new control algorithms are developed such as model predictive control (MPC). As one of the most effective control techniques for applying in the multi-variable systems control schemes, MPC has been widely implemented to resolve complex control applications. The presented control strategy will be developed in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment.",
keywords = "model predictive control, model reference adaptive system, permanent magnet synchronous generators, the pulse-width modulated current source converter, trial-and-error, wind turbines",
author = "N Xing and J. Xia and W. Cao and Z. Lin and S. Gadoue",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1109/IWED.2019.8664302",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-5386-9454-1",
pages = "1--6",
booktitle = "2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives",
publisher = "IEEE",
address = "United States",

}

Xing, N, Xia, J, Cao, W, Lin, Z & Gadoue, S 2019, A Sensorless and Adaptive Control Strategy for a Wind Turbine Based on the Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and PWM-CSC. in 2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improvement in Efficiency of Electric Drives, IWED 2019 - Proceedings., 8664302, IEEE, pp. 1-6, 2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improvement in Efficiency of Electric Drives (IWED), 30/01/19. https://doi.org/10.1109/IWED.2019.8664302

A Sensorless and Adaptive Control Strategy for a Wind Turbine Based on the Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and PWM-CSC. / Xing, N; Xia, J.; Cao, W.; Lin, Z.; Gadoue, S.

2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improvement in Efficiency of Electric Drives, IWED 2019 - Proceedings. IEEE, 2019. p. 1-6 8664302.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - A Sensorless and Adaptive Control Strategy for a Wind Turbine Based on the Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and PWM-CSC

AU - Xing, N

AU - Xia, J.

AU - Cao, W.

AU - Lin, Z.

AU - Gadoue, S.

PY - 2019/3/8

Y1 - 2019/3/8

N2 - In order to control, protect and monitor the variable-speed wind turbine generator system, the rotor position sensor and the speed sensor are usually equipped with the system to measure the rotor position and wind speed. However, with the utilisation of these sensors, not only the hardware complexity and the cost increases, but also the reliability of the system impairs. Aiming to solve problems which incurred during using these sensors in the system, this paper presents a sensorless and adaptive control strategy for a wind turbine based on the surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG). In addition, the pulse-width modulated current source converter (PWM-CSC) is used in the system, which may offer more advantages in the medium size wind turbine. The proposed strategy uses a novel model reference adaptive system (MRAS) as an observer to estimate the rotor position and speed of the PMSG. In general, the PI controller using the method is tuned by trail-and-error. This is tedious and inaccurate and therefore new control algorithms are developed such as model predictive control (MPC). As one of the most effective control techniques for applying in the multi-variable systems control schemes, MPC has been widely implemented to resolve complex control applications. The presented control strategy will be developed in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment.

AB - In order to control, protect and monitor the variable-speed wind turbine generator system, the rotor position sensor and the speed sensor are usually equipped with the system to measure the rotor position and wind speed. However, with the utilisation of these sensors, not only the hardware complexity and the cost increases, but also the reliability of the system impairs. Aiming to solve problems which incurred during using these sensors in the system, this paper presents a sensorless and adaptive control strategy for a wind turbine based on the surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG). In addition, the pulse-width modulated current source converter (PWM-CSC) is used in the system, which may offer more advantages in the medium size wind turbine. The proposed strategy uses a novel model reference adaptive system (MRAS) as an observer to estimate the rotor position and speed of the PMSG. In general, the PI controller using the method is tuned by trail-and-error. This is tedious and inaccurate and therefore new control algorithms are developed such as model predictive control (MPC). As one of the most effective control techniques for applying in the multi-variable systems control schemes, MPC has been widely implemented to resolve complex control applications. The presented control strategy will be developed in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment.

KW - model predictive control

KW - model reference adaptive system

KW - permanent magnet synchronous generators

KW - the pulse-width modulated current source converter

KW - trial-and-error

KW - wind turbines

UR - https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8664302/

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063869469&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/IWED.2019.8664302

DO - 10.1109/IWED.2019.8664302

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-1-5386-9454-1

SP - 1

EP - 6

BT - 2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives

PB - IEEE

ER -

Xing N, Xia J, Cao W, Lin Z, Gadoue S. A Sensorless and Adaptive Control Strategy for a Wind Turbine Based on the Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and PWM-CSC. In 2019 26th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improvement in Efficiency of Electric Drives, IWED 2019 - Proceedings. IEEE. 2019. p. 1-6. 8664302 https://doi.org/10.1109/IWED.2019.8664302