Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Materials

Abed Alaswad, Ahmad Baroutaji, Ahmed Rezk, Mohamad Ramadan, Abdul Ghani Olabi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) is a solid-state electrochemical device that converts the chemical energy into electrical energy. Compared with other types of fuel cells, SOFC offers high efficiency exceeding 80% when harnessing the heat produced as a result of the conversion. By operating on very high temperatures (800–1000°C), fuels used in SOFC will reform inside the fuel cell itself without the need for external reforming or a metal catalyst. On the other side, using such high temperature regime makes materials selection for the fuel cell parts challenging.

This article outlines the principles and limitations of the SOFC, and highlights the advances in materials that can be used for the SOFC main components, namely, the electrolyte, the cathode and the anode aiming to improve the SOFC cost, durability and performance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Smart Materials
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780128157336
ISBN (Print)9780128157329
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2020


  • Cathode
  • Electrolyte
  • Interconnects
  • Materials
  • Solid oxide fuel cell


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