This research explores the impact of dynamic innovation capabilities on firm performance, investigating how alliances and networks improve the focal firm’s capabilities. We examine four innovation capabilities and their effect on profitability, performance, and growth of companies in the food industry. Drawing on the extant literature on innovation and dynamic capabilities theory, we develop six hypotheses to explain the relationship between different innovation capabilities and firm performance. We test the proposed research model and hypotheses using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) with primary data from the food industry in Greece. Results indicate that dynamic innovation capabilities play a crucial role in improving profitability, growth, and overall firm performance through ordinary innovation capabilities. This study provides critical insights into innovation capabilities in the food industry. These insights are significant because prior studies have not investigated the relative effects of different innovation capabilities on profitability, growth, and overall firm performance, particularly the interrelationships between dynamic and ordinary innovation capabilities. The generalization of the study results may be limited due to the sample size.