Analysing the European Union's responses to organized crime through different securitization lenses

Helena Carrapico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the past 30 years, organized crime (OC) has shifted from being an issue of little, or no concern, to being considered one of the key security threats facing the European Union (EU), the economic and political fabric of its society and its citizens. The purpose of this article is to understand how OC has come to be understood as one of the major security threats in the EU, by applying different lenses of Securitization Theory (ST). More specifically, the research question guiding this article is whether applying different ST approaches can lead us to draw differing conclusions as to whether OC has been successfully securitized in the EU. Building on the recent literature that argues that this theoretical framework has branched out into different approaches, this article wishes to contrast two alternative views of how a security problem comes into being, in order to verify whether different approaches can lead to diverging conclusions regarding the same phenomenon. The purpose of this exercise is to contribute to the further development of ST by pointing out that the choice in approach bears direct consequences on reaching a conclusion regarding the successful character of a securitization process. Starting from a reflection on ST, the article proceeds with applying a “linguistic approach” to the case study, which it then contrasts with a “sociological approach”. The article proposes that although the application of a “linguistic approach” seems to indicate that OC has become securitized in the EU, it also overlooks a number of elements, which the “sociological approach” renders visible and which lead us to refute the initial conclusion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-617
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Security
Volume23
Issue number4
Early online date21 Aug 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

organized crime
threat
linguistics
theory formation
citizen
economics

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Security on 21/8/14, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09662839.2014.949248

Funding: British Academy and the Royal Society through a Newton International Fellowship.

Keywords

  • securitization
  • organized crime
  • European Union
  • sociological approach
  • linguistic approach

Cite this

@article{df858e2cecdd4b98abbf8fbfc4344c91,
title = "Analysing the European Union's responses to organized crime through different securitization lenses",
abstract = "In the past 30 years, organized crime (OC) has shifted from being an issue of little, or no concern, to being considered one of the key security threats facing the European Union (EU), the economic and political fabric of its society and its citizens. The purpose of this article is to understand how OC has come to be understood as one of the major security threats in the EU, by applying different lenses of Securitization Theory (ST). More specifically, the research question guiding this article is whether applying different ST approaches can lead us to draw differing conclusions as to whether OC has been successfully securitized in the EU. Building on the recent literature that argues that this theoretical framework has branched out into different approaches, this article wishes to contrast two alternative views of how a security problem comes into being, in order to verify whether different approaches can lead to diverging conclusions regarding the same phenomenon. The purpose of this exercise is to contribute to the further development of ST by pointing out that the choice in approach bears direct consequences on reaching a conclusion regarding the successful character of a securitization process. Starting from a reflection on ST, the article proceeds with applying a “linguistic approach” to the case study, which it then contrasts with a “sociological approach”. The article proposes that although the application of a “linguistic approach” seems to indicate that OC has become securitized in the EU, it also overlooks a number of elements, which the “sociological approach” renders visible and which lead us to refute the initial conclusion.",
keywords = "securitization, organized crime, European Union, sociological approach, linguistic approach",
author = "Helena Carrapico",
note = "This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Security on 21/8/14, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09662839.2014.949248 Funding: British Academy and the Royal Society through a Newton International Fellowship.",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1080/09662839.2014.949248",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "601--617",
journal = "European Security",
issn = "0966-2839",
number = "4",

}

Analysing the European Union's responses to organized crime through different securitization lenses. / Carrapico, Helena.

In: European Security, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2014, p. 601-617.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysing the European Union's responses to organized crime through different securitization lenses

AU - Carrapico, Helena

N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Security on 21/8/14, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09662839.2014.949248 Funding: British Academy and the Royal Society through a Newton International Fellowship.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - In the past 30 years, organized crime (OC) has shifted from being an issue of little, or no concern, to being considered one of the key security threats facing the European Union (EU), the economic and political fabric of its society and its citizens. The purpose of this article is to understand how OC has come to be understood as one of the major security threats in the EU, by applying different lenses of Securitization Theory (ST). More specifically, the research question guiding this article is whether applying different ST approaches can lead us to draw differing conclusions as to whether OC has been successfully securitized in the EU. Building on the recent literature that argues that this theoretical framework has branched out into different approaches, this article wishes to contrast two alternative views of how a security problem comes into being, in order to verify whether different approaches can lead to diverging conclusions regarding the same phenomenon. The purpose of this exercise is to contribute to the further development of ST by pointing out that the choice in approach bears direct consequences on reaching a conclusion regarding the successful character of a securitization process. Starting from a reflection on ST, the article proceeds with applying a “linguistic approach” to the case study, which it then contrasts with a “sociological approach”. The article proposes that although the application of a “linguistic approach” seems to indicate that OC has become securitized in the EU, it also overlooks a number of elements, which the “sociological approach” renders visible and which lead us to refute the initial conclusion.

AB - In the past 30 years, organized crime (OC) has shifted from being an issue of little, or no concern, to being considered one of the key security threats facing the European Union (EU), the economic and political fabric of its society and its citizens. The purpose of this article is to understand how OC has come to be understood as one of the major security threats in the EU, by applying different lenses of Securitization Theory (ST). More specifically, the research question guiding this article is whether applying different ST approaches can lead us to draw differing conclusions as to whether OC has been successfully securitized in the EU. Building on the recent literature that argues that this theoretical framework has branched out into different approaches, this article wishes to contrast two alternative views of how a security problem comes into being, in order to verify whether different approaches can lead to diverging conclusions regarding the same phenomenon. The purpose of this exercise is to contribute to the further development of ST by pointing out that the choice in approach bears direct consequences on reaching a conclusion regarding the successful character of a securitization process. Starting from a reflection on ST, the article proceeds with applying a “linguistic approach” to the case study, which it then contrasts with a “sociological approach”. The article proposes that although the application of a “linguistic approach” seems to indicate that OC has become securitized in the EU, it also overlooks a number of elements, which the “sociological approach” renders visible and which lead us to refute the initial conclusion.

KW - securitization

KW - organized crime

KW - European Union

KW - sociological approach

KW - linguistic approach

U2 - 10.1080/09662839.2014.949248

DO - 10.1080/09662839.2014.949248

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 601

EP - 617

JO - European Security

JF - European Security

SN - 0966-2839

IS - 4

ER -