Carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber lasers: recent progress and perspectives

Lilong Dai, Zinan Huang, Qianqian Huang, Chang Zhao, Aleksey Rozhin, Sergey Sergeyev, Mohammed Al Araimi, Chengbo Mou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) possess remarkable nonlinear optical properties; a particular application is to function as a mode locker used in ultrafast fiber lasers to produce ultrashort optical pulses. Various types of CNT saturable absorbers (SAs) and ultrafast fiber lasers have been demonstrated. In this review, typical fabrication process and development of CNT SAs are discussed and we highlight the recent investigation and progress of state-of-the-art ultrafast fiber lasers covering GHz, bidirectional ultrafast fiber lasers, vectorial mode fiber lasers, comb systems, and mode-locking dynamics. Our perspectives of ultrafast fiber lasers based on CNT SAs are given finally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-775
Number of pages27
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

© 2020 Lilong Dai et al., published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Funding: This research was funded by National
Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (61975107,
61605107), High Education Discipline Innovation Project
(111 project) (D20031).


  • carbon nanotubes
  • frequency comb
  • mode-locked fiber lasers
  • nanomaterials
  • ultrafast photonics


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