CFD for the Modelling of Entrainment in Fluidised Bed Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass

H. Gerhauser*, S. C. Generalis, R. A. Hague, A. V. Bridgwater

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Bio-oil generated by fluidised bed fast pyrolysis of biomass holds considerable promise towards reducing dependence on fossil fuels. One problem stitl holding back progress is the efficient removal of char by entrainment from the reactor, which is impossible to model with traditional empirical correlations. A new model combining computational fluid dynamics (CFD), implemented in the commercial software package CFX, and particle entrainment theory has therefore been developed and found to give good qualitative agreement with experimental entrainment data. The CFD model uses a multiphase Eulerian-Eulerian technique for the bulk of the fluidised bed and individual particle tracking in the freeboard. Furthermore, the predictions of the CFD calculations for a number of important fluidised bed characteristics were checked, namely bubble diameter and velocity, terminal particle velocity and bed expansion. These were found to correspond closely to observations. Finally, several design modifications were tested on a laboratory cold flow model, which showed a significant improvement in char entrainment, and successfully modelled by computational simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion
EditorsA.V. Bridgwater
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages1281-1295
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9780470694954, 0632055332, 9780632055333
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2008

Fingerprint

Hydrodynamics
Biomass
Computational fluid dynamics
Pyrolysis
Trout
Fossil Fuels
Fossil fuels
Software packages
Dynamic models
Oils
Software

Keywords

  • Eulerian-eulerian technique
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Fluidised bed fast pyrolysis
  • Fossil fuels
  • Terminal particle velocity

Cite this

Gerhauser, H., Generalis, S. C., Hague, R. A., & Bridgwater, A. V. (2008). CFD for the Modelling of Entrainment in Fluidised Bed Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass. In A. V. Bridgwater (Ed.), Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion (pp. 1281-1295). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470694954.ch106
Gerhauser, H. ; Generalis, S. C. ; Hague, R. A. ; Bridgwater, A. V. / CFD for the Modelling of Entrainment in Fluidised Bed Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass. Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion. editor / A.V. Bridgwater. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. pp. 1281-1295
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Gerhauser, H, Generalis, SC, Hague, RA & Bridgwater, AV 2008, CFD for the Modelling of Entrainment in Fluidised Bed Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass. in AV Bridgwater (ed.), Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 1281-1295. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470694954.ch106

CFD for the Modelling of Entrainment in Fluidised Bed Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass. / Gerhauser, H.; Generalis, S. C.; Hague, R. A.; Bridgwater, A. V.

Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion. ed. / A.V. Bridgwater. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. p. 1281-1295.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AU - Bridgwater, A. V.

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AB - Bio-oil generated by fluidised bed fast pyrolysis of biomass holds considerable promise towards reducing dependence on fossil fuels. One problem stitl holding back progress is the efficient removal of char by entrainment from the reactor, which is impossible to model with traditional empirical correlations. A new model combining computational fluid dynamics (CFD), implemented in the commercial software package CFX, and particle entrainment theory has therefore been developed and found to give good qualitative agreement with experimental entrainment data. The CFD model uses a multiphase Eulerian-Eulerian technique for the bulk of the fluidised bed and individual particle tracking in the freeboard. Furthermore, the predictions of the CFD calculations for a number of important fluidised bed characteristics were checked, namely bubble diameter and velocity, terminal particle velocity and bed expansion. These were found to correspond closely to observations. Finally, several design modifications were tested on a laboratory cold flow model, which showed a significant improvement in char entrainment, and successfully modelled by computational simulation.

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Gerhauser H, Generalis SC, Hague RA, Bridgwater AV. CFD for the Modelling of Entrainment in Fluidised Bed Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass. In Bridgwater AV, editor, Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion. Wiley-Blackwell. 2008. p. 1281-1295 https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470694954.ch106