Childhood auditory processing disorder as a developmental disorder: the case for a multi-professional approach to diagnosis and management

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Abstract

Auditory processing disorder (APD) is diagnosed when a patient presents with listening difficulties which can not be explained by a peripheral hearing impairment or higher-order cognitive or language problems. This review explores the association between auditory processing disorder (APD) and other specific developmental disorders such as dyslexia and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. The diagnosis and aetiology of APD are similar to those of other developmental disorders and it is well established that APD often co-occurs with impairments of language, literacy, and attention. The genetic and neurological causes of APD are poorly understood, but developmental and behavioural genetic research with other disorders suggests that clinicians should expect APD to co-occur with other symptoms frequently. The clinical implications of co-occurring symptoms of other developmental disorders are considered and the review concludes that a multi-professional approach to the diagnosis and management of APD, involving speech and language therapy and psychology as well as audiology, is essential to ensure that children have access to the most appropriate range of support and interventions.
LanguageEnglish
Pages83-87
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

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Auditory Perceptual Disorders
developmental disorder
childhood
language
management
genetic research
hearing impairment
dyslexia
ADHD
speech disorder
etiology
psychology
literacy
Language
Language Therapy
Audiology
cause
Behavioral Genetics
Behavioral Research
Speech Therapy

Keywords

  • auditory perceptual disorders
  • child
  • developmental disabilities
  • humans
  • speech perception
  • behavioural measures
  • demographicc
  • epidemiology
  • paediatric

Cite this

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