Collagen three-dimensional hydrogel matrix carrying basic fibroblast growth factor for the cultivation of mesenchymal stem cells and osteogenic differentiation

Sun-Ae Oh, Hye-Young Lee, Jae Ho Lee, Tae-Hyun Kim, Jun-Hyeog Jang, Hae-Won Kim, Ivan Wall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) collagen hydrogels have been extensively used for cell culture experiments and are more closely representative of in vivo conditions than monolayer (2D) culture. Here we cultured rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in collagen hydrogels containing varying concentrations of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to examine the effect of bFGF on MSC proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in 3D culture. The optimal bFGF concentration that promoted the greatest degree of cell proliferation and expression of the early osteogenic induction marker alkaline phosphatase was also determined. Subsequent quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of gene expression demonstrated that bFGF promoted significant upregulation of the bone-related genes: collagen type I, osteopontin (OPN), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and osteocalcin (OCN) for periods of up to 21 days. Immunofluorescence staining and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis further supported the enhanced osteogenic differentiation of cells as a greater proportion of cells were found to express OPN. Matrix mineralization within the collagen hydrogels was enhanced in the presence of bFGF, as assessed by calcium detection using von Kossa staining. These results clearly demonstrate a positive effect of bFGF on proliferation and osteogenic induction of MSCs in 3D collagen hydrogels when applied at the appropriate concentration. Moreover, collagen hydrogel constructs containing MSCs and appropriate growth factor stimulus might be a potentially useful biological tool for 3D bone tissue engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1087-100
Number of pages14
JournalTissue Engineering: Parts A, B and C
Volume18
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Differentiation/drug effects
  • Cell Proliferation/drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Collagen/chemistry
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/chemistry
  • Hydrogel, Polyethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate/chemistry
  • Male
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells
  • Osteogenesis/drug effects
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley

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