Collective Redress in Europe: Moving Forward or Treading Water?

Duncan Fairgrieve, Rhonson Salim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The recent Representative Actions Directive 2020/1828/EC is a welcome advance in developing collective redress in Europe. However, this article contends that whilst the Directive is a positive development, shortfalls in its design restrict its potentially transformative impact for consumers. Critical examination is made of the Directive's rules on scope, standing, remedies, alternative dispute resolution (ADR), cross-border claims, funding, awareness and the provision of information. The article further considers whether the Directive will serve to improve co-ordination in civil procedure in this area which has traditionally been very diverse at a Member State level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-479
Number of pages15
JournalInternational and Comparative Law Quarterly
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2022


  • EU law
  • Representative Actions Directive
  • collective redress
  • consumer redress


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