We examine how debt priority structure affects bank funding costs and soundness. Leveraging an unexplored natural experiment that changes the priority of claims on banks’ assets, we document asymmetric effects that are consistent with changes in monitoring intensity by various creditors depending on whether creditors move up or down the priority ladder. The enactment of depositor preference laws which confer priority on depositors reduces deposit rates but increases non-deposit rates. Importantly, subordinating non-depositor claims reduces bank risk-taking, consistent with market discipline. This insight highlights a role for debt priority structure in the regulatory framework.
|Journal||Review of Financial Studies|
|Early online date||4 Nov 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2018|