Describing the profile of diagnostic features in autistic adults using an abbreviated version of the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (DISCO-Abbreviated)

Sarah Carrington, Sarah L. Barrett, Umapathy Sivagamasundari, Christine Fretwell, Ilse Noens, Jarymke P.W. Maljaars, Susan R. Leekam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The rate of diagnosis of autism in adults has increased over recent years; however, the profile of behaviours in these individuals is less understood than the profile seen in those diagnosed in childhood. Better understanding of this profile will be essential to identify and remove potential barriers to diagnosis. Using an abbreviated form of the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders, comparisons were drawn between the profile of a sample of able adults diagnosed in adulthood and the profile of a sample of able children. Results revealed both similarities and differences. A relative strength in non-verbal communication highlighted a potential barrier to diagnosis according to DSM-5 criteria for the adult sample, which may also have prevented them from being diagnosed as children.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5036-5046
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume49
Issue number12
Early online date7 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2019. Open Access - This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Funding: Economic and Social Research Council Wales Doctoral Training Centre (ES/J500197/1).

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Diagnosis
  • DSM-5

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