Monocytes play a central role in inflammatory responses through systemic antigen presentation and cytokine secretion. Regulation of monocyte adhesion molecule and inflammatory gene expression is via redox sensitive transcription factors. Therefore we have investigated the hypothesis that dietary antioxidant supplementation with vitamins C (250mg/d) or E (400iU/d) for six weeks can modulate monocyte ICAM-1 expression in healthy male subjects with low plasma vitamin C at baseline. In a randomised, double-blind, crossover study, ICAM-1 mRNA and protein was analysed using quantitative RTPCR with ELISA measurement of PCR products and by flow cytometry and ELISA respectively. Monocyte numbers were unaltered by supplementation. Subjects with low plasma vitamin C (<50uM) prior to supplementation expressed higher levels of monocyte ICAM-1 mRNA, and showed a significant (50%) reduction in ICAM-1 mRNA expression after 6 weeks of 250mg/d vitamin C supplementation compared to subjects with normal plasma vitamin C. This was paralleled by a reduction in plasma sICAM-1. Vitamin E supplementation had no effect on ICAM-1 expression. For the first time, these results show that dietary vitamin C can modulate monocyte ICAM-1 gene expression in vivo, where regulation of gene expression represents a novel mechanism for benefit from dietary antioxidants.
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2003|
|Event||SFRBM's 10th Annual Meeting - Seattle (US)|
Duration: 1 Nov 2003 → …
|Other||SFRBM's 10th Annual Meeting|
|Period||1/11/03 → …|
- cytokine secretion
- inflammatory gene
- dietary antioxidant supplementation
- vitamin C
- vitamin E
Griffiths, H. R., Rayment, S., Shaw, J., Lunec, J., & Woollard, K. (2003). Dietary supplementation with vitamin C but not vitamin E reduces constitutive expression of ICAM-1 in peripheral blood monocytes of normal subjects with low plasma vitamin C levels. SFRBM's 10th Annual Meeting, Seattle (US), .