We study the effects of temperature and strain on the spectra of the first and second-order diffraction attenuation bands of a single long-period grating (LPG) in step-index fibre. The primary and second-order attenuation bands had comparable strength with the second-order bands appearing in the visible and near-infra red parts of the spectrum. Using first and second-order diffraction to the eighth cladding mode a sensitivity matrix was obtained with limiting accuracy given by cross-sensitivity of ∼ 1.19% of the measurement. The sensing scheme presented as a limiting temperature and strain resolution of ± 0.7 °C and ∼ ± 25 με. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
- long-period fibre grating
- second-order diffraction
- strain and temperature sensing