Element characteristic tolerance for semi-batch fixed bed biomass pyrolysis

Chun Hsion Lim*, Isah Yakub Mohammed, Yousif Abdalla Abakr, Feroz Kabir Kazi, Suzana Yusup, Hon Loong Lam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Biomass pyrolysis to bio-oil is one of the promising sustainable fuels. In this work, relation between biomass feedstock element characteristic and crude bio-oil production yield and lower heating value was explored. The element characteristics considered in this study include moisture, ash, fix carbon, volatile matter, C, H, N, O, S, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin content. A semi-batch fixed bed reactor was used for biomass pyrolysis with heating rate of 30 °C/min from room temperature to 600 °C and the reactor was held at 600 °C for 1 h before cooling down. Constant nitrogen flow (1bar) was provided for anaerobic condition. Sago and Napier glass were used in the study to create different element characteristic of feedstock by altering mixing ratio. Comparison between each element characteristic to crude bio-oil yield and low heating value was conducted. The result suggested potential key element characteristic for pyrolysis and provide a platform to access the feedstock element acceptance range.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical engineering transactions
EditorsPetar Sabev Varbanov, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Jun Yow Yong, Xia Liu
Place of PublicationMilano (IT)
PublisherAIDIC
Pages1285-1290
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-88-95608-36-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015

Publication series

NameChemical engineering transactions
PublisherAIDIC
Volume45
ISSN (Electronic)2283-9216

Fingerprint

Feedstocks
Oils
Biomass
Pyrolysis
Ashes
Heating
Lignin
Heating rate
Cellulose
Coal ash
Nitrogen
Moisture
Carbon
Cooling
Glass
Temperature
hemicellulose

Bibliographical note

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
Our policy is to permit Authors to reuse part of their CET articles or to self-archive the published version of their work in Institutional Repository, provided that AIDIC/CET is acknowledged as source.

Cite this

Lim, C. H., Mohammed, I. Y., Abakr, Y. A., Kabir Kazi, F., Yusup, S., & Lam, H. L. (2015). Element characteristic tolerance for semi-batch fixed bed biomass pyrolysis. In P. S. Varbanov, J. J. Klemeš, S. R. Wan Alwi, J. Y. Yong, & X. Liu (Eds.), Chemical engineering transactions (pp. 1285-1290). (Chemical engineering transactions; Vol. 45). Milano (IT): AIDIC. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1545215
Lim, Chun Hsion ; Mohammed, Isah Yakub ; Abakr, Yousif Abdalla ; Kabir Kazi, Feroz ; Yusup, Suzana ; Lam, Hon Loong. / Element characteristic tolerance for semi-batch fixed bed biomass pyrolysis. Chemical engineering transactions. editor / Petar Sabev Varbanov ; Jirí Jaromír Klemeš ; Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi ; Jun Yow Yong ; Xia Liu. Milano (IT) : AIDIC, 2015. pp. 1285-1290 (Chemical engineering transactions).
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Lim, CH, Mohammed, IY, Abakr, YA, Kabir Kazi, F, Yusup, S & Lam, HL 2015, Element characteristic tolerance for semi-batch fixed bed biomass pyrolysis. in PS Varbanov, JJ Klemeš, SR Wan Alwi, JY Yong & X Liu (eds), Chemical engineering transactions. Chemical engineering transactions, vol. 45, AIDIC, Milano (IT), pp. 1285-1290. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1545215

Element characteristic tolerance for semi-batch fixed bed biomass pyrolysis. / Lim, Chun Hsion; Mohammed, Isah Yakub; Abakr, Yousif Abdalla; Kabir Kazi, Feroz; Yusup, Suzana; Lam, Hon Loong.

Chemical engineering transactions. ed. / Petar Sabev Varbanov; Jirí Jaromír Klemeš; Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi; Jun Yow Yong; Xia Liu. Milano (IT) : AIDIC, 2015. p. 1285-1290 (Chemical engineering transactions; Vol. 45).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Element characteristic tolerance for semi-batch fixed bed biomass pyrolysis

AU - Lim, Chun Hsion

AU - Mohammed, Isah Yakub

AU - Abakr, Yousif Abdalla

AU - Kabir Kazi, Feroz

AU - Yusup, Suzana

AU - Lam, Hon Loong

N1 - This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Our policy is to permit Authors to reuse part of their CET articles or to self-archive the published version of their work in Institutional Repository, provided that AIDIC/CET is acknowledged as source.

PY - 2015/10/1

Y1 - 2015/10/1

N2 - Biomass pyrolysis to bio-oil is one of the promising sustainable fuels. In this work, relation between biomass feedstock element characteristic and crude bio-oil production yield and lower heating value was explored. The element characteristics considered in this study include moisture, ash, fix carbon, volatile matter, C, H, N, O, S, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin content. A semi-batch fixed bed reactor was used for biomass pyrolysis with heating rate of 30 °C/min from room temperature to 600 °C and the reactor was held at 600 °C for 1 h before cooling down. Constant nitrogen flow (1bar) was provided for anaerobic condition. Sago and Napier glass were used in the study to create different element characteristic of feedstock by altering mixing ratio. Comparison between each element characteristic to crude bio-oil yield and low heating value was conducted. The result suggested potential key element characteristic for pyrolysis and provide a platform to access the feedstock element acceptance range.

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SN - 978-88-95608-36-5

T3 - Chemical engineering transactions

SP - 1285

EP - 1290

BT - Chemical engineering transactions

A2 - Varbanov, Petar Sabev

A2 - Klemeš, Jirí Jaromír

A2 - Wan Alwi, Sharifah Rafidah

A2 - Yong, Jun Yow

A2 - Liu, Xia

PB - AIDIC

CY - Milano (IT)

ER -

Lim CH, Mohammed IY, Abakr YA, Kabir Kazi F, Yusup S, Lam HL. Element characteristic tolerance for semi-batch fixed bed biomass pyrolysis. In Varbanov PS, Klemeš JJ, Wan Alwi SR, Yong JY, Liu X, editors, Chemical engineering transactions. Milano (IT): AIDIC. 2015. p. 1285-1290. (Chemical engineering transactions). https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1545215