Element characteristic tolerance for semi-batch fixed bed biomass pyrolysis

Chun Hsion Lim*, Isah Yakub Mohammed, Yousif Abdalla Abakr, Feroz Kabir Kazi, Suzana Yusup, Hon Loong Lam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputChapter


Biomass pyrolysis to bio-oil is one of the promising sustainable fuels. In this work, relation between biomass feedstock element characteristic and crude bio-oil production yield and lower heating value was explored. The element characteristics considered in this study include moisture, ash, fix carbon, volatile matter, C, H, N, O, S, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin content. A semi-batch fixed bed reactor was used for biomass pyrolysis with heating rate of 30 °C/min from room temperature to 600 °C and the reactor was held at 600 °C for 1 h before cooling down. Constant nitrogen flow (1bar) was provided for anaerobic condition. Sago and Napier glass were used in the study to create different element characteristic of feedstock by altering mixing ratio. Comparison between each element characteristic to crude bio-oil yield and low heating value was conducted. The result suggested potential key element characteristic for pyrolysis and provide a platform to access the feedstock element acceptance range.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical engineering transactions
EditorsPetar Sabev Varbanov, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Jun Yow Yong, Xia Liu
Place of PublicationMilano (IT)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-88-95608-36-5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015

Publication series

NameChemical engineering transactions
ISSN (Electronic)2283-9216

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