Europeanization from below: the formation of gender equality policies in the Western Balkans

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The article argues that, compared with the other countries in the Western Balkans, the Europeanization of gender equality policies in Bosnia and Herzegovina represents an interesting case of "Europeanization from below". It was not the EU, which called for the introduction of gender equality policies in the Stabilization and Association Process, but domestic policy entrepreneurs, who constructed a "shadow of membership conditionality". They framed their requests as element of the accession process tapping into the aspiration of policy-makers to joining the EU. The case illustrates that Europeanization matters in the Western Balkans, not only in terms of a direct influence of the EU but also because it provides opportunities for domestic policy entrepreneurs to further European objectives themselves.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalSicherheit und Frieden
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Europeanisation
  • gender equality policies
  • Western Balkans
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • domestic policy entrepreneurs


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