Emerging as a widely accepted technique for malware analysis, YARA rules due to its flexible and customisable nature, allows malware analysts to develop rules according to the requirements of a specific security domain. YARA rules can be automatically generated using tools, however, they may require post-processing for their optimisation, and may not be effective for the specific security domain. This compels the requirement to enhance automatically generated YARA rules and increase their effectiveness for malware analysis without increasing computational overheads. Reflecting on the above requirement, this paper initially evaluates automatically generated YARA rules using three YARA tools: yarGen, yaraGenerator and yabin. These tools are Python-based open-source tools used to generate YARA rules automatically utilising different underlying techniques. Subsequently, it proposes a method to enhance automatically generated YARA rules using a fuzzy hashing method. This proposed enhancement method can improve the effectiveness of YARA rules irrespective of the chosen YARA tool used to generate YARA rules, which is demonstrated through several experiments on samples of collected malware and goodware.
|Title of host publication||2020 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Jan 2021|
|Event||2020 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI) - Canberra, Australia|
Duration: 1 Dec 2020 → 4 Dec 2020
|Conference||2020 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI)|
|Period||1/12/20 → 4/12/20|
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- Malware Analysis
- YARA Rules
- Fuzzy Hashing
- Indicator of compromise
- IoC String