Evaluating NGO accounting and reporting practices in a developing economy: the case for reforms

Neeveditah Pariag-Maraye, Teerooven Soobaroyen, Oren Mooneeapen, Oorvashi Panchoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigates non-government organisations' (NGO) current accounting and reporting practices in a developing economy context (Mauritius) and argues the case for reforms to enhance their transparency and accountability.

A content analysis of a sample of NGO annual returns was carried out followed by interviews with NGO officers and actors on the state of accounting and reporting practices in Mauritius. The authors analyse the data from a public accountability perspective.

The content analysis revealed poor accounting and reporting practices by Mauritian NGOs. Based on interview insights, the authors find that these poor practices arise due a lack of (1) NGO-specific accounting standards, (2) engagement with narrative reporting, (3) properly trained NGO officers and (4) proper monitoring and control. Some of the interviewees expressed their support for introducing online filing systems and accounting requirements that are commensurate with NGO size, improving regulatory oversight, while ensuring that NGO accounts are made available to the public.

While there are many calls for better NGO accountability and transparency in developing economies, little is known about the state of accounting and reporting mechanisms (and regulatory framework thereof) that could provide the basis for relevant reforms towards enhancing accountability. Considering the opacity of NGO information in Mauritius and recent concerns about money laundering practices and the perceived ineffectiveness of regulatory oversight, this first national assessment of accounting and reporting practices sheds light on current challenges and formulates locally appropriate recommendations for the sector.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-94
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management
Issue number1
Early online date19 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2023


  • Accountability
  • Accounting
  • Developing economy
  • Non-governmental organisation (NGO)
  • Reporting


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