After cardiac catheterization procedures, arterial closure can be achieved by manual compression (MC), using external mechanical compression devices, or by applying vascular closure devices (VCDs) with comparable vascular access site–related complication rates. The aim of the present study was to assess vascular access site–related complications during the implementation of structured sheath removal and MC by paramedics after catheterization procedures. After an observational phase of 3 months to assess the baseline complication rate, a structured 4-level training program was implemented to train assistant personnel, in this case paramedics, in the management of sheath removal by MC. Access site–related complication rates after sheath removal were assessed prospectively and MC by paramedics compared with MC by physicians and application of VCDs. To account for imbalances in procedure- and patient-related risk factors of access-site complications, propensity score–based matching analysis was performed (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00825331). All consecutive percutaneous transfemoral arterial cardiac catheterization procedures were prospectively assessed over a period of 8 months (n = 3,503). MC was performed in 2,315 cases, of which 180 were performed by paramedics and 2,135 by physicians; VCDs were applied in 1,188 procedures. Rates of access site–related complications were significantly lower for paramedics compared with physicians (p = 0.03) and similar between paramedics and VCDs (p = 0.77). In conclusion a structured program for paramedics to be trained in sheath removal after percutaneous cardiac catheterization procedures can be readily implemented during clinical routine with low in-hospital complication rates.