Fast pyrolysis of biomass for energy and fuels

A.V. Bridgwater*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Bioenergy is now accepted as having the potential to provide the major part of the projected renewable energy provisions of the future as biofuels in the form of gas, liquid or solid fuels or electricity and heat. There are three main routes to providing these biofuels — thermal conversion, biological conversion and physical conversion — all of which employ a range of chemical reactor configurations and process designs. This paper focuses on fast pyrolysis from which the liquid, often referred to as bio-oil, can be used on-site or stored or transported to centralised and/or remote user facilities for utilisation for example as a fuel, or further processing to biofuels and/or chemicals. This offers the potential for system optimisation, much greater economies of scale and exploitation of the concepts of biorefineries. The technology of fast pyrolysis is described, particularly the reactors that have been developed to provide the necessary conditions to optimise performance. The primary liquid product is characterised, as well as the secondary products of electricity and/or heat, liquid fuels and a considerable number of chemicals. The main technical and non-technical barriers to the market deployment of the various technologies are identified and briefly discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals
EditorsMark Crocker
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Pages146-191
Number of pages46
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-84973-226-0
ISBN (Print)978-1-84973-035-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2010

Publication series

NameRSC Energy and Environment Series
Number1
Volume2010
ISSN (Print)2044-0774
ISSN (Electronic)2044-0782

Fingerprint

Biofuels
pyrolysis
Biomass
Pyrolysis
biofuel
liquid
biomass
Liquids
Electricity
energy
electricity
Chemical reactors
Liquid fuels
economy of scale
Process design
Oils
bioenergy
Gases
Processing
market

Cite this

Bridgwater, A. V. (2010). Fast pyrolysis of biomass for energy and fuels. In M. Crocker (Ed.), Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals (pp. 146-191). (RSC Energy and Environment Series; Vol. 2010, No. 1). Royal Society of Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781849732260-00146
Bridgwater, A.V. / Fast pyrolysis of biomass for energy and fuels. Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals. editor / Mark Crocker. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010. pp. 146-191 (RSC Energy and Environment Series; 1).
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Bridgwater, AV 2010, Fast pyrolysis of biomass for energy and fuels. in M Crocker (ed.), Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals. RSC Energy and Environment Series, no. 1, vol. 2010, Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 146-191. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781849732260-00146

Fast pyrolysis of biomass for energy and fuels. / Bridgwater, A.V.

Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals. ed. / Mark Crocker. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010. p. 146-191 (RSC Energy and Environment Series; Vol. 2010, No. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Bridgwater AV. Fast pyrolysis of biomass for energy and fuels. In Crocker M, editor, Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals. Royal Society of Chemistry. 2010. p. 146-191. (RSC Energy and Environment Series; 1). https://doi.org/10.1039/9781849732260-00146