Flat liquid jet as a highly efficient source of terahertz radiation

Anton N. Tcypkin*, Evgenia A. Ponomareva, Sergey E. Putilin, Semen V. Smirnov, Sviatoslav A. Shtumpf, Maksim V. Melnik, E. Yiwen, Sergei A. Kozlov, Xi Cheng Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Polar liquids are strong absorbers of electromagnetic waves in the terahertz range, therefore, historically such liquids have not been considered as good candidates for terahertz sources. However, flowing liquid medium has explicit advantages, such as a higher damage threshold compared to solid-state sources and more efficient ionization process compared to gases. Here we report systematic study of efficient generation of terahertz radiation in flat liquid jets under sub-picosecond single-color optical excitation. We demonstrate how medium parameters such as molecular density, ionization energy and linear absorption contribute to the terahertz emission from the flat liquid jets. Our simulation and experimental measurements reveal that the terahertz energy has quasi-quadratic dependence on the optical excitation pulse energy. Moreover, the optimal pump pulse duration, which depends on the thickness of the jet is theoretically predicted and experimentally confirmed. The obtained optical-to-terahertz energy conversion efficiency is more than 0.05%. It is comparable to the commonly used optical rectification in most of electro-optical crystals and two-color air filamentation. These results, significantly advancing prior research, can be successfully applied to create a new alternative source of terahertz radiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15485-15494
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2019

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radiation
liquids
color
ionization
energy conversion efficiency
energy absorption
rectification
yield point
excitation
absorbers
electromagnetic radiation
pulse duration
pumps
solid state
energy
air
pulses
gases
crystals
simulation

Bibliographical note

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Cite this

Tcypkin, A. N., Ponomareva, E. A., Putilin, S. E., Smirnov, S. V., Shtumpf, S. A., Melnik, M. V., ... Zhang, X. C. (2019). Flat liquid jet as a highly efficient source of terahertz radiation. Optics Express, 27(11), 15485-15494. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.27.015485
Tcypkin, Anton N. ; Ponomareva, Evgenia A. ; Putilin, Sergey E. ; Smirnov, Semen V. ; Shtumpf, Sviatoslav A. ; Melnik, Maksim V. ; Yiwen, E. ; Kozlov, Sergei A. ; Zhang, Xi Cheng. / Flat liquid jet as a highly efficient source of terahertz radiation. In: Optics Express. 2019 ; Vol. 27, No. 11. pp. 15485-15494.
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Tcypkin, AN, Ponomareva, EA, Putilin, SE, Smirnov, SV, Shtumpf, SA, Melnik, MV, Yiwen, E, Kozlov, SA & Zhang, XC 2019, 'Flat liquid jet as a highly efficient source of terahertz radiation', Optics Express, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 15485-15494. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.27.015485

Flat liquid jet as a highly efficient source of terahertz radiation. / Tcypkin, Anton N.; Ponomareva, Evgenia A.; Putilin, Sergey E.; Smirnov, Semen V.; Shtumpf, Sviatoslav A.; Melnik, Maksim V.; Yiwen, E.; Kozlov, Sergei A.; Zhang, Xi Cheng.

In: Optics Express, Vol. 27, No. 11, 15.05.2019, p. 15485-15494.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Flat liquid jet as a highly efficient source of terahertz radiation

AU - Tcypkin, Anton N.

AU - Ponomareva, Evgenia A.

AU - Putilin, Sergey E.

AU - Smirnov, Semen V.

AU - Shtumpf, Sviatoslav A.

AU - Melnik, Maksim V.

AU - Yiwen, E.

AU - Kozlov, Sergei A.

AU - Zhang, Xi Cheng

N1 - © 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

PY - 2019/5/15

Y1 - 2019/5/15

N2 - Polar liquids are strong absorbers of electromagnetic waves in the terahertz range, therefore, historically such liquids have not been considered as good candidates for terahertz sources. However, flowing liquid medium has explicit advantages, such as a higher damage threshold compared to solid-state sources and more efficient ionization process compared to gases. Here we report systematic study of efficient generation of terahertz radiation in flat liquid jets under sub-picosecond single-color optical excitation. We demonstrate how medium parameters such as molecular density, ionization energy and linear absorption contribute to the terahertz emission from the flat liquid jets. Our simulation and experimental measurements reveal that the terahertz energy has quasi-quadratic dependence on the optical excitation pulse energy. Moreover, the optimal pump pulse duration, which depends on the thickness of the jet is theoretically predicted and experimentally confirmed. The obtained optical-to-terahertz energy conversion efficiency is more than 0.05%. It is comparable to the commonly used optical rectification in most of electro-optical crystals and two-color air filamentation. These results, significantly advancing prior research, can be successfully applied to create a new alternative source of terahertz radiation.

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Tcypkin AN, Ponomareva EA, Putilin SE, Smirnov SV, Shtumpf SA, Melnik MV et al. Flat liquid jet as a highly efficient source of terahertz radiation. Optics Express. 2019 May 15;27(11):15485-15494. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.27.015485