Fuel cell as an effective energy storage in reverse osmosis desalination plant powered by photovoltaic system

Hegazy Rezk, Enas Taha Sayed, Mujahed Al-dhaifallah, M. Obaid, Abou Hashema M. El-sayed, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem, A.g. Olabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A hybrid renewable energy systems (HRESs) comprises of photovoltaic (PV), and self-charging fuel cells (SCFC) is designed for securing electrical energy required to operate brackish water pumping (BWP) and reverse osmosis desalination (RO) plant of 150 m3 d-1 for irrigation purposes in remote areas. An optimal configuration of the proposed design is determined based on minimum cost of energy (COE) and the minimum total net present cost (NPC). Moreover, a comparison with a stand-alone diesel generation (DG) or grid extension is carried out against the optimal configuration of PV/SCFC HRES. The modeling, simulation, and techno-economic evaluation of the different proposed systems, including the PV/SCFC system are done using HOMER software. Results show that PV array (66 kW), FC (9 kW), converter (25 KW) –Electrolyzer (15 kW), Hydrogen cylinder (70 kg) are the viable economic option with a total NPC of $115,649 and $0.062 unit cost of electricity. The COE for the stand-alone DG system is 0.206 $/kWh, which is 69.90% higher than that of the PV/SCFC system. The PV/SCFC system is cheaper than grid extension. This study opens the way for using a fuel cell as an effective method for solving the energy intermittence/storage problems of renewable energy sources.
LanguageEnglish
Pages423-433
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy
Volume175
Early online date27 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2019

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Reverse osmosis
Desalination
Energy storage
Fuel cells
Costs
Economics
Irrigation
Electricity
Hydrogen
Computer simulation
Water

Bibliographical note

© 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Funding: University of Sharjah, Project No. 18020406122.

Keywords

  • Energy efficiency
  • Fuel cells
  • Photovoltaic cells
  • Reverse osmosis desalination
  • Stand-alone hybrid system

Cite this

Rezk, H., Sayed, E. T., Al-dhaifallah, M., Obaid, M., El-sayed, A. H. M., Abdelkareem, M. A., & Olabi, A. G. (2019). Fuel cell as an effective energy storage in reverse osmosis desalination plant powered by photovoltaic system. Energy, 175, 423-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.02.167
Rezk, Hegazy ; Sayed, Enas Taha ; Al-dhaifallah, Mujahed ; Obaid, M. ; El-sayed, Abou Hashema M. ; Abdelkareem, Mohammad Ali ; Olabi, A.g. / Fuel cell as an effective energy storage in reverse osmosis desalination plant powered by photovoltaic system. In: Energy. 2019 ; Vol. 175. pp. 423-433.
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abstract = "A hybrid renewable energy systems (HRESs) comprises of photovoltaic (PV), and self-charging fuel cells (SCFC) is designed for securing electrical energy required to operate brackish water pumping (BWP) and reverse osmosis desalination (RO) plant of 150 m3 d-1 for irrigation purposes in remote areas. An optimal configuration of the proposed design is determined based on minimum cost of energy (COE) and the minimum total net present cost (NPC). Moreover, a comparison with a stand-alone diesel generation (DG) or grid extension is carried out against the optimal configuration of PV/SCFC HRES. The modeling, simulation, and techno-economic evaluation of the different proposed systems, including the PV/SCFC system are done using HOMER software. Results show that PV array (66 kW), FC (9 kW), converter (25 KW) –Electrolyzer (15 kW), Hydrogen cylinder (70 kg) are the viable economic option with a total NPC of $115,649 and $0.062 unit cost of electricity. The COE for the stand-alone DG system is 0.206 $/kWh, which is 69.90{\%} higher than that of the PV/SCFC system. The PV/SCFC system is cheaper than grid extension. This study opens the way for using a fuel cell as an effective method for solving the energy intermittence/storage problems of renewable energy sources.",
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Rezk, H, Sayed, ET, Al-dhaifallah, M, Obaid, M, El-sayed, AHM, Abdelkareem, MA & Olabi, AG 2019, 'Fuel cell as an effective energy storage in reverse osmosis desalination plant powered by photovoltaic system' Energy, vol. 175, pp. 423-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.02.167

Fuel cell as an effective energy storage in reverse osmosis desalination plant powered by photovoltaic system. / Rezk, Hegazy; Sayed, Enas Taha; Al-dhaifallah, Mujahed; Obaid, M.; El-sayed, Abou Hashema M.; Abdelkareem, Mohammad Ali; Olabi, A.g.

In: Energy, Vol. 175, 15.05.2019, p. 423-433.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fuel cell as an effective energy storage in reverse osmosis desalination plant powered by photovoltaic system

AU - Rezk, Hegazy

AU - Sayed, Enas Taha

AU - Al-dhaifallah, Mujahed

AU - Obaid, M.

AU - El-sayed, Abou Hashema M.

AU - Abdelkareem, Mohammad Ali

AU - Olabi, A.g.

N1 - © 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ Funding: University of Sharjah, Project No. 18020406122.

PY - 2019/5/15

Y1 - 2019/5/15

N2 - A hybrid renewable energy systems (HRESs) comprises of photovoltaic (PV), and self-charging fuel cells (SCFC) is designed for securing electrical energy required to operate brackish water pumping (BWP) and reverse osmosis desalination (RO) plant of 150 m3 d-1 for irrigation purposes in remote areas. An optimal configuration of the proposed design is determined based on minimum cost of energy (COE) and the minimum total net present cost (NPC). Moreover, a comparison with a stand-alone diesel generation (DG) or grid extension is carried out against the optimal configuration of PV/SCFC HRES. The modeling, simulation, and techno-economic evaluation of the different proposed systems, including the PV/SCFC system are done using HOMER software. Results show that PV array (66 kW), FC (9 kW), converter (25 KW) –Electrolyzer (15 kW), Hydrogen cylinder (70 kg) are the viable economic option with a total NPC of $115,649 and $0.062 unit cost of electricity. The COE for the stand-alone DG system is 0.206 $/kWh, which is 69.90% higher than that of the PV/SCFC system. The PV/SCFC system is cheaper than grid extension. This study opens the way for using a fuel cell as an effective method for solving the energy intermittence/storage problems of renewable energy sources.

AB - A hybrid renewable energy systems (HRESs) comprises of photovoltaic (PV), and self-charging fuel cells (SCFC) is designed for securing electrical energy required to operate brackish water pumping (BWP) and reverse osmosis desalination (RO) plant of 150 m3 d-1 for irrigation purposes in remote areas. An optimal configuration of the proposed design is determined based on minimum cost of energy (COE) and the minimum total net present cost (NPC). Moreover, a comparison with a stand-alone diesel generation (DG) or grid extension is carried out against the optimal configuration of PV/SCFC HRES. The modeling, simulation, and techno-economic evaluation of the different proposed systems, including the PV/SCFC system are done using HOMER software. Results show that PV array (66 kW), FC (9 kW), converter (25 KW) –Electrolyzer (15 kW), Hydrogen cylinder (70 kg) are the viable economic option with a total NPC of $115,649 and $0.062 unit cost of electricity. The COE for the stand-alone DG system is 0.206 $/kWh, which is 69.90% higher than that of the PV/SCFC system. The PV/SCFC system is cheaper than grid extension. This study opens the way for using a fuel cell as an effective method for solving the energy intermittence/storage problems of renewable energy sources.

KW - Energy efficiency

KW - Fuel cells

KW - Photovoltaic cells

KW - Reverse osmosis desalination

KW - Stand-alone hybrid system

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Rezk H, Sayed ET, Al-dhaifallah M, Obaid M, El-sayed AHM, Abdelkareem MA et al. Fuel cell as an effective energy storage in reverse osmosis desalination plant powered by photovoltaic system. Energy. 2019 May 15;175:423-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.02.167