Green and lean: a Gemba–Kaizen model for sustainability enhancement.

Anass Cherrafi, Said Elfezazi, Brion Hurley, Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes, Vikas Kumar, Luciano Batista

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Despite the encouraging results obtained from the application of Green Lean, organizations have found the integration of Green and Lean, and their implementation as an integrated approach, challenging. This paper therefore presents a model for integrating Lean and Green based on the Gemba-Kaizen approach. The proposed model was developed on the basis of a through literature review on Gemba and Kaizen, conducted on peer reviewed journal articles and pragmatic books, and the more than 40 years of accumulated experience of the authors as academics, researchers, industrialists and consultants. The model was validated through two cases study in the aerospace and automotive industries. The results showed that the proposed model helped the case organizations to reduce the consumption of resources and improve their environmental performance. The proposed model can be the basis for further research on Lean and Green, contributing to help organizations to improve their sustainability performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-399
Number of pages15
JournalProduction Planning and Control
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2019


  • Gemba-Kaizen
  • Green Lean
  • environmental waste


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