Grouping and the pitch of a mistuned fundamental component: effects of applying simultaneous multiple mistunings to the other harmonics

Brian Roberts*, Stephen D. Holmes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mistuning a harmonic produces an exaggerated change in its pitch. This occurs because the component becomes inconsistent with the regular pattern that causes the other harmonics (constituting the spectral frame) to integrate perceptually. These pitch shifts were measured when the fundamental (F0) component of a complex tone (nominal F0 frequency = 200 Hz) was mistuned by +8% and -8%. The pitch-shift gradient was defined as the difference between these values and its magnitude was used as a measure of frame integration. An independent and random perturbation (spectral jitter) was applied simultaneously to most or all of the frame components. The gradient magnitude declined gradually as the degree of jitter increased from 0% to ±40% of F0. The component adjacent to the mistuned target made the largest contribution to the gradient, but more distant components also contributed. The stimuli were passed through an auditory model, and the exponential height of the F0-period peak in the averaged summary autocorrelation function correlated well with the gradient magnitude. The fit improved when the weighting on more distant channels was attenuated by a factor of three per octave. The results are consistent with a grouping mechanism that computes a weighted average of periodicity strength across several components. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-88
Number of pages10
JournalHearing Research
Volume222
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Fingerprint

Periodicity

Keywords

  • auditory grouping
  • harmonic relations
  • mistuning
  • pitch shifts

Cite this

@article{3902940e275c450fa8556e3ed4eacd43,
title = "Grouping and the pitch of a mistuned fundamental component: effects of applying simultaneous multiple mistunings to the other harmonics",
abstract = "Mistuning a harmonic produces an exaggerated change in its pitch. This occurs because the component becomes inconsistent with the regular pattern that causes the other harmonics (constituting the spectral frame) to integrate perceptually. These pitch shifts were measured when the fundamental (F0) component of a complex tone (nominal F0 frequency = 200 Hz) was mistuned by +8{\%} and -8{\%}. The pitch-shift gradient was defined as the difference between these values and its magnitude was used as a measure of frame integration. An independent and random perturbation (spectral jitter) was applied simultaneously to most or all of the frame components. The gradient magnitude declined gradually as the degree of jitter increased from 0{\%} to ±40{\%} of F0. The component adjacent to the mistuned target made the largest contribution to the gradient, but more distant components also contributed. The stimuli were passed through an auditory model, and the exponential height of the F0-period peak in the averaged summary autocorrelation function correlated well with the gradient magnitude. The fit improved when the weighting on more distant channels was attenuated by a factor of three per octave. The results are consistent with a grouping mechanism that computes a weighted average of periodicity strength across several components. {\circledC} 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "auditory grouping, harmonic relations, mistuning, pitch shifts",
author = "Brian Roberts and Holmes, {Stephen D.}",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.heares.2006.08.013",
language = "English",
volume = "222",
pages = "79--88",
journal = "Hearing Research",
issn = "0378-5955",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

Grouping and the pitch of a mistuned fundamental component : effects of applying simultaneous multiple mistunings to the other harmonics. / Roberts, Brian; Holmes, Stephen D.

In: Hearing Research, Vol. 222, No. 1-2, 12.2006, p. 79-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Grouping and the pitch of a mistuned fundamental component

T2 - effects of applying simultaneous multiple mistunings to the other harmonics

AU - Roberts, Brian

AU - Holmes, Stephen D.

PY - 2006/12

Y1 - 2006/12

N2 - Mistuning a harmonic produces an exaggerated change in its pitch. This occurs because the component becomes inconsistent with the regular pattern that causes the other harmonics (constituting the spectral frame) to integrate perceptually. These pitch shifts were measured when the fundamental (F0) component of a complex tone (nominal F0 frequency = 200 Hz) was mistuned by +8% and -8%. The pitch-shift gradient was defined as the difference between these values and its magnitude was used as a measure of frame integration. An independent and random perturbation (spectral jitter) was applied simultaneously to most or all of the frame components. The gradient magnitude declined gradually as the degree of jitter increased from 0% to ±40% of F0. The component adjacent to the mistuned target made the largest contribution to the gradient, but more distant components also contributed. The stimuli were passed through an auditory model, and the exponential height of the F0-period peak in the averaged summary autocorrelation function correlated well with the gradient magnitude. The fit improved when the weighting on more distant channels was attenuated by a factor of three per octave. The results are consistent with a grouping mechanism that computes a weighted average of periodicity strength across several components. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Mistuning a harmonic produces an exaggerated change in its pitch. This occurs because the component becomes inconsistent with the regular pattern that causes the other harmonics (constituting the spectral frame) to integrate perceptually. These pitch shifts were measured when the fundamental (F0) component of a complex tone (nominal F0 frequency = 200 Hz) was mistuned by +8% and -8%. The pitch-shift gradient was defined as the difference between these values and its magnitude was used as a measure of frame integration. An independent and random perturbation (spectral jitter) was applied simultaneously to most or all of the frame components. The gradient magnitude declined gradually as the degree of jitter increased from 0% to ±40% of F0. The component adjacent to the mistuned target made the largest contribution to the gradient, but more distant components also contributed. The stimuli were passed through an auditory model, and the exponential height of the F0-period peak in the averaged summary autocorrelation function correlated well with the gradient magnitude. The fit improved when the weighting on more distant channels was attenuated by a factor of three per octave. The results are consistent with a grouping mechanism that computes a weighted average of periodicity strength across several components. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - auditory grouping

KW - harmonic relations

KW - mistuning

KW - pitch shifts

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33750693756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.heares.2006.08.013

DO - 10.1016/j.heares.2006.08.013

M3 - Article

C2 - 17055676

VL - 222

SP - 79

EP - 88

JO - Hearing Research

JF - Hearing Research

SN - 0378-5955

IS - 1-2

ER -