Biofuels and chemicals from biomass mean the gasification of biogenic feedstocks and the synthesis via methanol, dimethylester (DME) or Fischer-Tropsch products. To prevent the sensitive synthesis catalysts from poisoning the syngas must be free of tar and particulates. The trace concentrations of S-, C1-, N-species, alkali and heavy metals must be of the order of a few ppb. Moreover maximum conversion efficiency will be achieved performing the gas cleaning above the synthesis conditions. The concept of an innovative dry HTHP syngas cleaning is presented. Based on the HT particle filtration and suitable sorption and catalysis processes for the relevant contaminants a total concept will be derived, which leads to a syngas quality required for synthesis catalysts in only 2 combined stages. The experimental setup for the HT gas cleaning behind the 60 kWtherm entrained flow gasifier REGA of the institute is described. Results from HT filter experiments in pilot scale are presented. The performance of 2 natural minerals for HC1 and H2S sorption is discussed with respect to the parameters temperature, surface and residence time. Results from lab scale investigations on low temperature tar catalysts' performance (commercial and proprietary development) are discussed finally.
|Title of host publication||27th annual international conference on thermal treatment technologies 2008|
|Publisher||Air and Waste Management Association|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
|Event||27th Annual International Conference on Thermal Treatmentt Technologies 2008 - Montreal, Canada|
Duration: 12 May 2008 → 16 May 2008
|Conference||27th Annual International Conference on Thermal Treatmentt Technologies 2008|
|Period||12/05/08 → 16/05/08|
Leibold, H., Seifert, H., & Hornung, A. (2008). High temperature gas cleaning for advanced syngas utilization: Paper # 95. In 27th annual international conference on thermal treatment technologies 2008 (Vol. 2, pp. 678-687). Air and Waste Management Association.