Host country nationals' support to expatriates: an investigation in Turkey

Arup Varma*, Zeynep Aycan, Pawan Budhwar, Shaun Pichler, Uǧur Uygur, Rebecca Paluch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Using data from 243 executives in Turkey, we investigate the relationship(s) between perceived values similarity, in-group/out-group categorisation, interpersonal effect and Host Country National (HCN) willingness to offer role information and social support to expatriates. Results of this study confirm that HCNs are more likely to offer support to expatriates whom they categorise as in-group, as well as to those who they perceive as holding similar values. In addition, our data suggest that Turkish HCNs are more likely to offer support to Indian expatriates as compared to expatriates from the USA, and to expatriates who are assigned to work as their supervisors rather than to expatriate subordinates. We discuss implications of our findings for multinational corporations and suggest future research ideas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-623
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Journal of International Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2016



  • expatriates
  • HCNs
  • host country nationals
  • in-group/out-group categorisation
  • role information
  • social support
  • Turkey

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