ICA based steganography

Stephane Bounkong, David Saad, David Lowe

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


A domain independent ICA-based watermarking method is introduced and studied by numerical simulations. This approach can be used either on images, music or video to convey a hidden message. It relies on embedding the information in a set of statistically independent sources (the independent components) as the feature space. For the experiments the medium has arbritraly chosen to be digital images.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2002
EventSecond IMA International Conference on Mathematics in Communications -
Duration: 1 Jan 20021 Jan 2002


ConferenceSecond IMA International Conference on Mathematics in Communications


  • watermarking method
  • numerical simulations

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