Impact on environment, ecosystem, diversity and health from culturing and using GMOs as feed and food

Aristidis M. Tsatsakis, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Victor A. Tutelyan, Kirill S. Golokhvast, Olga-Ioanna Kalantzi, Duck Hwa Chung, Sung Jo Kang, Michael D. Coleman, Nadia Tyshko, Seung Hwan Yang, Gyuhwa Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Modern agriculture provides the potential for sustainable feeding of the world's increasing population. Up to the present moment, genetically modified (GM) products have enabled increased yields and reduced pesticide usage. Nevertheless, GM products are controversial amongst policy makers, scientists and the consumers, regarding their possible environmental, ecological, and health risks. Scientific-and-political debates can even influence legislation and prospective risk assessment procedure. Currently, the scientifically-assessed direct hazardous impacts of GM food and feed on fauna and flora are conflicting; indeed, a review of literature available data provides some evidence of GM environmental and health risks. Although the consequences of gene flow and risks to biodiversity are debatable. Risks to the environment and ecosystems can exist, such as the evolution of weed herbicide resistance during GM cultivation. A matter of high importance is to provide precise knowledge and adequate current information to regulatory agencies, governments, policy makers, researchers, and commercial GMO-releasing companies to enable them to thoroughly investigate the possible risks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-121
Number of pages14
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Issue numberpart A
Early online date20 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2017

Bibliographical note

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


  • environmental risk
  • GMO
  • precision agriculture
  • toxicity
  • GMO law


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