International Business Research and Scholarship in the Middle East: Developments and Future Directions

Pawan Budhwar, Vijay Pereira, Yama Temouri*, Hoa Do

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this introduction we review the extant literature that demonstrate the importance of the Middle Eastern institutional and cultural context in shaping international business’s (IB) strategies and practices across several countries. Drawing on the literature, as well as the five articles included in this special issue, we (1) outline the state of socio-cultural, historical and economic forces that shape international business in several Middle Eastern nations; (2) utilize institutional theory to evaluate the constraints of international business practices in the Middle East; and (3) highlight the key gaps in the literature and the challenges faced by IB scholars and practitioners in the Middle East. We subsequently propose an agenda for future research in order to lay the foundation for international business scholars to advance the theorizing and application of IB practices in the Middle East context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-200
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Studies of Management and Organization
Issue number3
Early online date11 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • Covid-19
  • GCC
  • MENA
  • Middle East
  • culture
  • institutions
  • international business


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