Light-emitting-diode and Grass PS 33 xenon lamp photic stimulators are equivalent in the assessment of photosensitivity: Clinical and research implications

Trenité Dorothée Kasteleijn-Nolst, Bryony Carr, Ana Checa-Ros, Stefano Seri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The assessment of the effect of photic stimulation is an integral component of an EEG exam and is especially important in patients referred for ascertained or suspected photosensitivity with or without a diagnosis of epilepsy. A positive test result relies on eliciting a specific abnormality defined as the "photoparoxysmal response". Reliability of this assessment is strongly influenced by technical and procedural variables, a critical one represented by the physical properties of the stimulators used. Established clinical norms are based on data acquired with the "gold-standard" Grass PS stimulators. These are no longer commercially available and have been replaced by stimulators using light emitting diode (LED) technology. To our knowledge no comparative study on their efficacy has been conducted. To address this gap, we recruited 39 patients aged 5-54 years, referred to two specialized centers with confirmed of suspected diagnosis of photosensitive epilepsy or generalized epilepsy with photosensitivity in a prospective randomized single-blind cross-over study to compare two commercially available LED-bases stimulation systems (FSA 10® and Lifeline® stimulators) against the Grass PS 33 xenon lamp device. Our findings indicate that the LED systems tested are equivalent to the Grass stimulator both in identifying the PPR in affected individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106377
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume165
Early online date1 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • EEG
  • Photic stimulation
  • Photosensitive epilepsy
  • Photosensitivity
  • Standardized photosensitivity range

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