Lignocellulosic Biomass Fractionation as a Pretreatment Step for Production of Fuels and Green Chemicals

K. G. Kalogiannis*, S. Stefanidis, A. Marianou, C. Michailof, A. Kalogianni, A. Lappas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One of the main constraints and the most costly step in the production of lignocellulosic ethanol is the biomass pretreatment step that aims at liberating the cellulose by dissolving the lignin and the hemicellulose fractions. For this reason, several pretreatment methods have been developed that aim at dissolving biomass lignin and hydrolysing the cellulosic part in order to maximize fermentation yields towards ethanol. In this work, delignification of a forestry residue was carried out via a Milox treatment and its variations. Formic acid with hydrogen peroxide (HP) was used as the delignifying agent and the effects of temperature and HP concentration were investigated. Hydrolysis of untreated and delignified biomass samples with hot water (HW) was also carried out to depolymerize the solid feed. HW hydrolysis of the untreated biomass was efficient at dissolving hemicellulose, while hydrolysis of the delignified biomass yielded a liquid with increased sugars concentration. When CO2 was used to pressurize the reactor, xylose and glucose yields increased due to the acidity that CO2 conferred to the HW. This allowed the utilization of lower temperatures, which led to the minimization of byproducts. The lignin residue from the Milox treatment was pyrolyzed in order to investigate its potential as a feedstock for thermal and catalytic pyrolysis. Organic bio-oil production was limited and water and gas production was high. The thermal pyrolysis bio-oil consisted of phenols and acids, while catalytic pyrolysis with ZSM-5 resulted in a bio-oil with increased aromatic hydrocarbons and phenols and reduced acids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-790
Number of pages10
JournalWaste and Biomass Valorization
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Oct 2015

Fingerprint

Fractionation
Biomass
fractionation
Lignin
pyrolysis
biomass
lignin
hydrolysis
Hydrolysis
Pyrolysis
Hydrogen peroxide
hydrogen peroxide
Phenols
phenol
Water
ethanol
Ethanol
Delignification
Xylose
Acids

Keywords

  • Biomass hydrolysis
  • Delignification
  • Lignin pyrolysis
  • Lignocellulosic ethanol
  • Milox

Cite this

Kalogiannis, K. G., Stefanidis, S., Marianou, A., Michailof, C., Kalogianni, A., & Lappas, A. (2015). Lignocellulosic Biomass Fractionation as a Pretreatment Step for Production of Fuels and Green Chemicals. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 6(5), 781-790. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-015-9387-y
Kalogiannis, K. G. ; Stefanidis, S. ; Marianou, A. ; Michailof, C. ; Kalogianni, A. ; Lappas, A. / Lignocellulosic Biomass Fractionation as a Pretreatment Step for Production of Fuels and Green Chemicals. In: Waste and Biomass Valorization. 2015 ; Vol. 6, No. 5. pp. 781-790.
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Kalogiannis, KG, Stefanidis, S, Marianou, A, Michailof, C, Kalogianni, A & Lappas, A 2015, 'Lignocellulosic Biomass Fractionation as a Pretreatment Step for Production of Fuels and Green Chemicals', Waste and Biomass Valorization, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 781-790. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-015-9387-y

Lignocellulosic Biomass Fractionation as a Pretreatment Step for Production of Fuels and Green Chemicals. / Kalogiannis, K. G.; Stefanidis, S.; Marianou, A.; Michailof, C.; Kalogianni, A.; Lappas, A.

In: Waste and Biomass Valorization, Vol. 6, No. 5, 29.10.2015, p. 781-790.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lignocellulosic Biomass Fractionation as a Pretreatment Step for Production of Fuels and Green Chemicals

AU - Kalogiannis, K. G.

AU - Stefanidis, S.

AU - Marianou, A.

AU - Michailof, C.

AU - Kalogianni, A.

AU - Lappas, A.

PY - 2015/10/29

Y1 - 2015/10/29

N2 - One of the main constraints and the most costly step in the production of lignocellulosic ethanol is the biomass pretreatment step that aims at liberating the cellulose by dissolving the lignin and the hemicellulose fractions. For this reason, several pretreatment methods have been developed that aim at dissolving biomass lignin and hydrolysing the cellulosic part in order to maximize fermentation yields towards ethanol. In this work, delignification of a forestry residue was carried out via a Milox treatment and its variations. Formic acid with hydrogen peroxide (HP) was used as the delignifying agent and the effects of temperature and HP concentration were investigated. Hydrolysis of untreated and delignified biomass samples with hot water (HW) was also carried out to depolymerize the solid feed. HW hydrolysis of the untreated biomass was efficient at dissolving hemicellulose, while hydrolysis of the delignified biomass yielded a liquid with increased sugars concentration. When CO2 was used to pressurize the reactor, xylose and glucose yields increased due to the acidity that CO2 conferred to the HW. This allowed the utilization of lower temperatures, which led to the minimization of byproducts. The lignin residue from the Milox treatment was pyrolyzed in order to investigate its potential as a feedstock for thermal and catalytic pyrolysis. Organic bio-oil production was limited and water and gas production was high. The thermal pyrolysis bio-oil consisted of phenols and acids, while catalytic pyrolysis with ZSM-5 resulted in a bio-oil with increased aromatic hydrocarbons and phenols and reduced acids.

AB - One of the main constraints and the most costly step in the production of lignocellulosic ethanol is the biomass pretreatment step that aims at liberating the cellulose by dissolving the lignin and the hemicellulose fractions. For this reason, several pretreatment methods have been developed that aim at dissolving biomass lignin and hydrolysing the cellulosic part in order to maximize fermentation yields towards ethanol. In this work, delignification of a forestry residue was carried out via a Milox treatment and its variations. Formic acid with hydrogen peroxide (HP) was used as the delignifying agent and the effects of temperature and HP concentration were investigated. Hydrolysis of untreated and delignified biomass samples with hot water (HW) was also carried out to depolymerize the solid feed. HW hydrolysis of the untreated biomass was efficient at dissolving hemicellulose, while hydrolysis of the delignified biomass yielded a liquid with increased sugars concentration. When CO2 was used to pressurize the reactor, xylose and glucose yields increased due to the acidity that CO2 conferred to the HW. This allowed the utilization of lower temperatures, which led to the minimization of byproducts. The lignin residue from the Milox treatment was pyrolyzed in order to investigate its potential as a feedstock for thermal and catalytic pyrolysis. Organic bio-oil production was limited and water and gas production was high. The thermal pyrolysis bio-oil consisted of phenols and acids, while catalytic pyrolysis with ZSM-5 resulted in a bio-oil with increased aromatic hydrocarbons and phenols and reduced acids.

KW - Biomass hydrolysis

KW - Delignification

KW - Lignin pyrolysis

KW - Lignocellulosic ethanol

KW - Milox

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Kalogiannis KG, Stefanidis S, Marianou A, Michailof C, Kalogianni A, Lappas A. Lignocellulosic Biomass Fractionation as a Pretreatment Step for Production of Fuels and Green Chemicals. Waste and Biomass Valorization. 2015 Oct 29;6(5):781-790. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-015-9387-y