Loss of Control as a Discriminating Factor Between Different Latent Classes of Disordered Gambling Severity

Richard J.E. James, Claire O’Malley, Richard J. Tunney*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Analyses of disordered gambling assessment data have indicated that commonly used screens appear to measure latent categories. This stands in contrast to the oft-held assumption that problem gambling is at the extreme of a continuum. To explore this further, we report a series of latent class analyses of a number of prevalent problem gambling assessments (PGSI, SOGS, DSM-IV Pathological Gambling based assessments) in nationally representative British surveys between 1999 and 2012, analysing data from nearly fifty thousand individuals. The analyses converged on a three class model in which the classes differed by problem gambling severity. This identified an initial class of gamblers showing minimal problems, a additional class predominantly endorsing indicators of preoccupation and loss chasing, and a third endorsing a range of disordered gambling criteria. However, there was considerable evidence to suggest that classes of intermediate and high severity disordered gamblers differed systematically in their responses to items related to loss of control, and not simply on the most ‘difficult’ items. It appeared that these differences were similar between assessments. An important exception to this was one set of DSM-IV criteria based analyses using a specific cutoff, which was also used in an analysis that identified an increase in UK problem gambling prevalence between 2007 and 2010. The results suggest that disordered gambling has a mixed latent structure, and that present assessments of problem gambling appear to converge on a broadly similar construct.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1155-1173
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Volume32
Issue number4
Early online date18 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Gambling prevalence
  • Latent class analysis
  • Problem gambling

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Loss of Control as a Discriminating Factor Between Different Latent Classes of Disordered Gambling Severity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Profiles

    No photo of Richard Tunney

    Richard Tunney

    Person: Academic

    Cite this