The data generated by millions of sensors in Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is extremely dynamic, heterogeneous, and large scale. It poses great challenges on the real-time analysis and decision making for anomaly detection in IIoT. In this paper, we propose a LSTM-Gauss-NBayes method, which is a synergy of the long short-term memory neural network (LSTM-NN) and the Gaussian Bayes model for outlier detection in IIoT. In a nutshell, the LSTM-NN builds model on normal time series. It detects outliers by utilising the predictive error for the Gaussian Naive Bayes model. Our method exploits advantages of both LSTM and Gaussian Naive Bayes models, which not only has strong prediction capability of LSTM for future time point data, but also achieves an excellent classification performance of Gaussian Naive Bayes model through the predictive error. Empirical studies demonstrate our solution outperforms the best-known competitors, which is a preferable choice for detecting anomalies.
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Funding: HuXiang Youth Talent Program; National Natural Science Foundation of China.
Wu, D., Jiang, Z., Xie, X., Wei, X., Yu, W., & Li, R. (2019). LSTM Learning with Bayesian and Gaussian Processing for Anomaly Detection in Industrial IoT. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. https://doi.org/10.1109/TII.2019.2952917