Machine learning approach for prediction of crimp in cotton woven fabrics

Muhammad Zohaib Fazal, Sharifullah Khan*, Muhammad Azeem Abbas, Yasir Nawab, Shahzad Younis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The interlacements of yarns in woven fabrics cause the yarn to follow a wavy path that produces crimp. Off-loom width of the fabric is determined by the percentage of the induced crimp. Therefore, the final width of the fabric will be less or surplus than required if crimp percentage is not precisely measured. Both excessive or recessive fabric width is unwanted and leads to huge loss of cost (profit), manufacturing time, energy (electricity) and ultimately loss of competition. Crimp percentage in yarns is determined by physically measuring the extra yarn length or by predicting it based on fabric structural parameters. Existing methods are mainly post-production, time and resource intensive that require specialized skills and tangible fabric samples. The proposed framework applies supervised machine learning for crimp prediction to cater for the limitations of the existing techniques. The framework has been cross-validated and has prediction accuracy (R2) of 0.86 and 0.79 for warp and weft yarn crimp respectively. It has prediction accuracy (R2) for warp and weft yarns crimp of 0.99 and 0.81 respectively for the unseen industrial dataset. The proposed prediction model shows better performance when compared with an existing standard system. 8p.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
JournalTehnicki Vjesnik
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2021


  • Cotton woven fabric
  • Crimp prediction
  • Machine learning
  • Pre-production prediction


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