An analogous thinking task was used to test Nemeth's Convergent–Divergent theory of majority and minority influence. Participants read a (base) problem and one of three solutions (one of which is considered the ‘best' solution). They then generated solutions to a second (target) problem which shared similar structural features to the first problem. Due to the similarities between problems, the solution given to the first problem can be used as an analogy in solving the second. In contrast to Nemeth's theory, when the solution to the base problem was endorsed by a numerical majority there was not an increase in analogy-transfer in solving the target problem. However, in support of Nemeth's theory, when the base solution was supported by a numerical minority then the participants were more likely to generate the ‘best' solution to the target problem regardless of which base solution they were given. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||European Journal of Social Psychology|
|Early online date||21 Jun 1999|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1999|
Martin, R., & Hewstone, M. (1999). Minority influence and optimal problem-solving. European Journal of Social Psychology, 29(5-6), 825-832. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-0992(199908/09)29:5/6<825::AID-EJSP971>3.0.CO;2-C