Motor stereotypies in adult patients with Tourette syndrome

Maneeka Ubhi, Kanu Achinivu, Stefano Seri, Andrea E Cavanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: Correctly diagnosing repetitive behaviors in patients with Tourette syndrome (TS) can be challenging.
The differential diagnosis between tics and stereotypies is of particular importance, because of treatment
implications. Methods: We assessed the prevalence and clinical characteristics of stereotypies in a large
sample of adult patients with TS attending a specialist clinic. Results: Mild stereotypies were reported
by 21/148 patients (14.2%). Patients with stereotypies were significantly more likely to have a comorbid
diagnosis of Asperger syndrome, attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder, and obsessive-compulsive
disorder, compared with patients without stereotypies. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that
the presence of Asperger syndrome significantly predicted stereotypy severity. Conclusion: Stereotypies
are not rare in adults with TS and other neurodevelopmental conditions, especially Asperger syndrome.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0031
JournalFuture Neurology
Issue number2
Early online date11 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Bibliographical note

© 2020 Maneeka Ubhi, Kanu Achinivu, Stefano Seri & Andrea E Cavanna . This work is licensed under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license,


  • Tourette syndrome
  • asperger syndrome
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • stereotypies
  • tics


Dive into the research topics of 'Motor stereotypies in adult patients with Tourette syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this