Recent advances in developing nonlinear optical techniques for processing serial digital information at high speed are reviewed. The field has been transformed by the advent of semiconductor nonlinear devices capable of operation at 100 gigabits per second and higher, well beyond the current speed limits of commercial electronics. These devices are expected to become important in future high-capacity communications networks by allowing digital regeneration and other processing functions to be performed on data signals `on the fly' in the optical domain.
Cotter, D., Manning, R. J., Blow, K. J., Ellis, A. D., Kelly, A. E., Nesset, D., ... Rogers, D. C. (1999). Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing. Science, 286(5444), 1523-1528. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.286.5444.1523