The Bragg wavelength of a polymer optical fiber Bragg grating can be permanently shifted by utilizing the thermal annealing method. In all the reported fiber annealing cases, the authors were able to tune the Bragg wavelength only to shorter wavelengths, since the polymer fiber shrinks in length during the annealing process. This article demonstrates a novel thermal annealing methodology for permanently tuning polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings to any desirable spectral position, including longer wavelengths. Stretching the polymer optical fiber during the annealing process, the period of Bragg grating, which is directly related with the Bragg wavelength, can become permanently longer. The methodology presented in this article can be used to multiplex polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings at any desirable spectral position utilizing only one phase-mask for their photo-inscription, reducing thus their fabrication cost in an industrial setting.
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Funding: People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013 (608382); National funding agencies FCT/MEC and FEDER-PT2020
(UID/EEA/50008/2013); National funding agency FCT (SFRH/BPD/109458/2015).
- Fiber Bragg gratings
- Fiber optics
- Polymer waveguides