Optical rogue waves in telecommunication data streams

Sergey Vergeles*, Sergei K. Turitsyn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Large broadening of short optical pulses due to fiber dispersion leads to a strong overlap in information data streams resulting in statistical deviations of the local power from its average. We present a theoretical analysis of rare events of high-intensity fluctuations-optical freak waves-that occur in fiber communication links using bit-overlapping transmission. Although the nature of the large fluctuations examined here is completely linear, as compared to commonly studied freak waves generated by nonlinear effects, the considered deviations inherit from rogue waves the key features of practical interest-random appearance of localized high-intensity pulses. We use the term "rogue wave" in an unusual context mostly to attract attention to both the possibility of purely linear statistical generation of huge amplitude waves and to the fact that in optics the occurrence of such pulses might be observable even with the standard Gaussian or even rarer-than-Gaussian statistics, without imposing the condition of an increased probability of extreme value events.

Original languageEnglish
Article number061801
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2011


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