Pharmacists in advanced clinical practice roles in emergency departments (PARED)

David Terry*, Shalini Ganasan, Matthew Aiello, Chi Huynh, Veronica Wilkie, Elizabeth Hughes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background Following evidence published in the Pharmacists in Emergency Departments (PIED 2016) study Health Education England funded novel advanced clinical practitioner training for pharmacists (ACP-p), to support service delivery.

Objective To explore experiences and clinical activity of trainee ACP-p, and opinions and recommendations of both trainees and clinical supervisors.

Setting Five Urgent/Emergency Care Departments in London UK.

Method Longitudinal mixed-methods study in three phases of registered UK pharmacists appointed as trainee ACP-p. Phase 1 (May-July 2019) – early semi-structured interviews and focus group using an experiences, opinions and recommendations (EOR) framework, Phase 2 (January-December 2019) – prospective recording of trainee clinical activity, standardised using bespoke spreadsheet, Phase 3 (November-December 2019) – as Phase 1 but at conclusion of training.

Main outcome measure Experiences, clinical activity, opinions and recommendations of study participants.

Results Twelve (92 %) eligible trainee ACP-p and five supervisors were recruited. Identified themes were: trainee personality, educational components, length of programme, support/supervision, career transition, university and placement training alignment, recommendations. Success was dependent on effective support and supervision. Clinical supervisors should be allocated adequate supervision time. Trainees, their supervisors and emergency department staff should be given a clear brief. Study participants agreed that the programme could be successful. Trainee ACP-p reported that they could manage 82 % of 713 pre-selected clinical presentations. Additional training needs include: ECGs, X-rays and CT scans.

Conclusions Pharmacists can successfully train as ACP-p in this setting over a two-year period. This career transition needs careful management and clear structures. Training ACP-p is a useful way of enhancing skills and supporting clinical services to large numbers of patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1523-1532
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Issue number6
Early online date10 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

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  • Advanced clinical practitioner
  • Emergency care
  • Emergency department
  • Pharmacist practitioner
  • United Kingdom


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