Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation

L. Pereira, A. Pospori, Paulo Antunes, Maria Fatima Domingues, S. Marques, Ole Bang, David J. Webb, Carlos A.F. Marques

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this work we experimentally validate and characterize the first phase-shifted polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings (PS-POFBGs) produced using a single pulse from a 248 nm krypton fluoride laser. A single-mode poly (methyl methacrylate) optical fiber with a core doped with benzyl dimethyl ketal for photosensitivity improvement was used. A uniform phase mask customized for 850 nm grating inscription was used to inscribe these Bragg structures. The phase shift defect was created directly during the grating inscription process by placing a narrow blocking aperture in the center of the UV beam. The produced high-quality Bragg grating structures, presenting a double dips, reject 16.3 dB (97.6% reflectivity) and 13.2 dB (95.2% reflectivity) of the transmitted power, being therefore appropriate for sensing or other photonic applications. Its transmission spectrum possesses two sharp transmission notches, allowing a significant increase in measurement resolution compared to direct interrogation of a single grating. The reflection and transmission spectra when multiple phase shifts are introduced in the FBG structure are also shown. The PS-POFBG's strain, temperature, pressure, and humidity characteristics have been experimentally analyzed in detail to assess their potential usage as sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5176-5184
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Volume35
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

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Funding: Fundac¸ ˜ao para a Ciˆencia e Tecnologia (FCT)/MEC through national funds and when applicable co-funded by FEDER – PT2020 partnership agreement under Project UID/EEA/50008/2013, FCT through the fellowships SFRH/BPD/109458/2015 and SFRH/BPD/101372/2014

Keywords

  • Fiber Bragg gratings
  • Fiber gratings
  • Fiber lasers
  • Gratings
  • notch filter
  • Optical fiber sensors
  • Optical fibers
  • optical filtering
  • Polymer optical fiber sensors
  • ultrasonic detection

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  • Cite this

    Pereira, L., Pospori, A., Antunes, P., Domingues, M. F., Marques, S., Bang, O., Webb, D. J., & Marques, C. A. F. (2017). Phase-shifted Bragg grating inscription in PMMA microstructured POF using 248 nm UV radiation. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 35(23), 5176-5184. https://doi.org/10.1109/JLT.2017.2771436