Pupil responses associated with coloured afterimages are mediated by the magno-cellular pathway

S. Tsujimura*, J.S. Wolffsohn, B. Gilmartin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sustained fixation of a bright coloured stimulus will, on extinction of the stimulus and continued steady fixation, induce an afterimage whose colour is complementary to that of the initial stimulus; an effect thought to be caused by fatigue of cones and/or of cone-opponent processes to different colours. However, to date, very little is known about the specific pathway that causes the coloured afterimage. Using isoluminant coloured stimuli recent studies have shown that pupil constriction is induced by onset and offset of the stimulus, the latter being attributed specifically to the subsequent emergence of the coloured afterimage. The aim of the study was to investigate how the offset pupillary constriction is generated in terms of input signals from discrete functional elements of the magno- and/or parvo-cellular pathways, which are known principally to convey, respectively, luminance and colour signals. Changes in pupil size were monitored continuously by digital analysis of an infra-red image of the pupil while observers viewed isoluminant green pulsed, ramped or luminance masked stimuli presented on a computer monitor. It was found that the amplitude of the offset pupillary constriction decreases when a pulsed stimulus is replaced by a temporally ramped stimulus and is eliminated by a luminance mask. These findings indicate for the first time that pupillary constriction associated with a coloured afterimage is mediated by the magno-cellular pathway. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1423-1432
Number of pages10
JournalVision Research
Volume43
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

Fingerprint

Afterimage
Pupil
Constriction
Color
Masks
Fatigue

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Keywords

  • mago-cellular pathways
  • parvo-cellular pathways
  • pupil response
  • bright coloured stimulus

Cite this

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title = "Pupil responses associated with coloured afterimages are mediated by the magno-cellular pathway",
abstract = "Sustained fixation of a bright coloured stimulus will, on extinction of the stimulus and continued steady fixation, induce an afterimage whose colour is complementary to that of the initial stimulus; an effect thought to be caused by fatigue of cones and/or of cone-opponent processes to different colours. However, to date, very little is known about the specific pathway that causes the coloured afterimage. Using isoluminant coloured stimuli recent studies have shown that pupil constriction is induced by onset and offset of the stimulus, the latter being attributed specifically to the subsequent emergence of the coloured afterimage. The aim of the study was to investigate how the offset pupillary constriction is generated in terms of input signals from discrete functional elements of the magno- and/or parvo-cellular pathways, which are known principally to convey, respectively, luminance and colour signals. Changes in pupil size were monitored continuously by digital analysis of an infra-red image of the pupil while observers viewed isoluminant green pulsed, ramped or luminance masked stimuli presented on a computer monitor. It was found that the amplitude of the offset pupillary constriction decreases when a pulsed stimulus is replaced by a temporally ramped stimulus and is eliminated by a luminance mask. These findings indicate for the first time that pupillary constriction associated with a coloured afterimage is mediated by the magno-cellular pathway. {\circledC} 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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Pupil responses associated with coloured afterimages are mediated by the magno-cellular pathway. / Tsujimura, S.; Wolffsohn, J.S.; Gilmartin, B.

In: Vision Research, Vol. 43, No. 13, 06.2003, p. 1423-1432.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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