Purpose: To assess repeatability and reproducibility, to determine normative data, and to investigate the effect of age-related macular disease, compared with normals, on photostress recovery time measured using the Eger Macular Stressometer (EMS). Method: The study population comprised 49 healthy eyes of 49 participants. Four EMS measurements were taken in two sessions separated by 1 h by two practitioners, with reversal of order in the second session. EMS readings were also taken from 17 age-related maculopathy (ARM), and 12 age-related macular degeneration (AMD), affected eyes. Results: EMS readings are repeatable to within ± 7 s. There is a statistically significant difference between controls and ARM affected eyes (t = 2.169, p = 0.045), and AMD affected eyes (t = 2.817, p = 0.016). The EMS is highly specific, and demonstrates sensitivity of 29% for ARM, and 50% for AMD. Conclusions: The EMS may be a useful screening test for ARM, however, direct illumination of the macula of greater intensity and longer duration may yield less variable results. © 2004 The College of Optometrists.
Bibliographical noteMeeting of the American-Academy-of-Optometry, HI, 2004. © 2004 The College of Optometrists. Published by Wiley-Blackwell.
- age-related macular disease
- Eger Macular Stressometer
- glare recovery
- photostress recovery time