Rethinking comparative and cross national human resource management research

Pawan S. Budhwar, Yaw Debrah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article first briefly highlights the rapid development of the human resource management (HRM) discipline and the need for more cross-national HRM studies. The universal applicability of Anglo-Saxon models of HRM is then questioned. To examine the applicability of HRM models in different settings (national and international), five main HRM models are critically analysed and their main research propositions are identified. This provides the basis for a framework for HRM evaluations in different contexts. Based on such a framework and developments in the literature, finally, a contextual model is proposed for conducting cross-national and comparative HRM studies. The paper also indicates some related directions for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-515
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • models of Hrm
  • contextual framework
  • Hrm
  • crossnational Hrm research
  • developments in Hrm
  • human resource management


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