Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant and renewable material in the world for the production of biofuels. Using lignocellulosic biomass derived biofuels could reduce reliance on fossil fuels and contribute to climate change mitigation. A profound understanding of the physicochemical properties of lignocellulosic biomass and the analytical characterization methods for those properties is essential for the design and operation of associated biomass conversion processing facilities. The present article aims to present a comprehensive review of physicochemical properties of lignocellulosic biomass, including particle size, grindability, density, flowability, moisture sorption, thermal properties, proximate analysis properties, elemental composition, energy content and chemical composition. The corresponding characterization techniques for these properties and their recent development are also presented. This review is intended to provide the readers systematic knowledge in the physicochemical properties of lignocellulosic biomass and characterization techniques for the conversion of biomass and the application of biofuels.
Bibliographical note© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Funding: International Research Staff Exchange Scheme (IRSES) ECOFUEL Program (FP7-PEOPLE-2009-IRSES Grant 246772), National Natural Science Foundation of China through Grant No. 51376121; EPSRC (EP/M01343X/1).
- lignocellulosic biomass
- physicochemical properties
- analytical characterization
- biomass conversion