Simultaneous measurement for liquid level and refractive index based on all-fiber modal interferometer

Yi Dai, Sisi Tan, Qizhen Sun*, Jianghai Wo, Zhilin Xu, Deming Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A simple fiber sensor capable of simultaneous measurement of liquid level and refractive index (RI) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The sensing head is an all-fiber modal interferometer manufactured by splicing an uncoated single-mode fiber with two short sections of multimode fiber. The interference pattern experiences blue shift along with an increase of axial strain and surrounding RI. Owing to the participation of multiple cladding modes with different sensitivities, the height and RI of the liquid could be simultaneously measured by monitoring two dips of the transmission spectrum. Experimental results show that the liquid level and RI sensitivities of the two dips are 245.7 pm/mm, -38 nm/RI unit (RIU), and 223.7 pm/mm, -62 nm/RIU, respectively. The approach has distinctive advantages of easy fabrication, low cost, and high sensitivity for liquid level detection with the capability of distinguishing the RI variation simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-502
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Modern Optics
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 May 2013

Fingerprint

liquid levels
interferometers
refractivity
fibers
sensitivity
splicing
axial strain
blue shift
interference
fabrication
sensors
liquids

Keywords

  • fiber-optic sensor
  • liquid level sensing
  • modal interferometer
  • refractive index sensing

Cite this

Dai, Yi ; Tan, Sisi ; Sun, Qizhen ; Wo, Jianghai ; Xu, Zhilin ; Liu, Deming. / Simultaneous measurement for liquid level and refractive index based on all-fiber modal interferometer. In: Journal of Modern Optics. 2013 ; Vol. 60, No. 6. pp. 496-502.
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abstract = "A simple fiber sensor capable of simultaneous measurement of liquid level and refractive index (RI) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The sensing head is an all-fiber modal interferometer manufactured by splicing an uncoated single-mode fiber with two short sections of multimode fiber. The interference pattern experiences blue shift along with an increase of axial strain and surrounding RI. Owing to the participation of multiple cladding modes with different sensitivities, the height and RI of the liquid could be simultaneously measured by monitoring two dips of the transmission spectrum. Experimental results show that the liquid level and RI sensitivities of the two dips are 245.7 pm/mm, -38 nm/RI unit (RIU), and 223.7 pm/mm, -62 nm/RIU, respectively. The approach has distinctive advantages of easy fabrication, low cost, and high sensitivity for liquid level detection with the capability of distinguishing the RI variation simultaneously.",
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Simultaneous measurement for liquid level and refractive index based on all-fiber modal interferometer. / Dai, Yi; Tan, Sisi; Sun, Qizhen; Wo, Jianghai; Xu, Zhilin; Liu, Deming.

In: Journal of Modern Optics, Vol. 60, No. 6, 02.05.2013, p. 496-502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Dai, Yi

AU - Tan, Sisi

AU - Sun, Qizhen

AU - Wo, Jianghai

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AU - Liu, Deming

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AB - A simple fiber sensor capable of simultaneous measurement of liquid level and refractive index (RI) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The sensing head is an all-fiber modal interferometer manufactured by splicing an uncoated single-mode fiber with two short sections of multimode fiber. The interference pattern experiences blue shift along with an increase of axial strain and surrounding RI. Owing to the participation of multiple cladding modes with different sensitivities, the height and RI of the liquid could be simultaneously measured by monitoring two dips of the transmission spectrum. Experimental results show that the liquid level and RI sensitivities of the two dips are 245.7 pm/mm, -38 nm/RI unit (RIU), and 223.7 pm/mm, -62 nm/RIU, respectively. The approach has distinctive advantages of easy fabrication, low cost, and high sensitivity for liquid level detection with the capability of distinguishing the RI variation simultaneously.

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