State of the Art and Future Prospects of Nanotechnologies in the Field of Brain-Computer Interfaces

Alkinoos Athanasiou, Manousos A. Klados, Alexander Astaras, Nicolas Foroglou, Ioannis Magras, Panagiotis D. Bamidis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This paper presents a new envisaged micro-rheometer device based on a Lab-on-a-Chip solution, focused to biomedical applications with small volume of sample (less than 50 µL). Based on capturing the fluids velocity along a microchannel, this novel device presents great advantages over products already on the market for measuring the fluid viscosity, ranging from the cost to the simplicity of operation. The presented device has the capability to extract the viscosity of any type of fluid with a microdevice manufactured with PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) and electrodes screen-printed over a PET (polyethylene terephthalate) surface. In the present work Newtonian fluids, such as water and ethylene glycol at different concentrations, have been used to calibrate the device, and non-Newtonian fluids such as blood has been employed to test it. We have observed in our initial experiments the predictable Newtonian behavior in the case of water and ethylene glycol and with blood, the non-Newtonian nature of the sample. Analyzing the results, the precision and accuracy of the device has been validated obtaining values of viscosity, with the presented set-up, which differ from those in the literature by a 10%.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationXIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016.
Subtitle of host publicationIFMBE Proceedings
Editors E Kyriacou, S Christofides , C Pattichis
PublisherSpringer
Pages462-466
Number of pages5
Volume57
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-32703-7
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-32701-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2016

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Brain computer interface
Nanotechnology
Fluids
Viscosity
Ethylene glycol
Blood
Lab-on-a-chip
Rheometers
Polydimethylsiloxane
Microchannels
Polyethylene terephthalates
Water
Electrodes
Costs
Experiments

Cite this

Athanasiou, A., Klados, M. A., Astaras, A., Foroglou, N., Magras, I., & Bamidis, P. D. (2016). State of the Art and Future Prospects of Nanotechnologies in the Field of Brain-Computer Interfaces. In E. Kyriacou, S. Christofides , & C. Pattichis (Eds.), XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016. : IFMBE Proceedings (Vol. 57, pp. 462-466). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32703-7_90
Athanasiou, Alkinoos ; Klados, Manousos A. ; Astaras, Alexander ; Foroglou, Nicolas ; Magras, Ioannis ; Bamidis, Panagiotis D. / State of the Art and Future Prospects of Nanotechnologies in the Field of Brain-Computer Interfaces. XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016. : IFMBE Proceedings. editor / E Kyriacou ; S Christofides ; C Pattichis. Vol. 57 Springer, 2016. pp. 462-466
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Athanasiou, A, Klados, MA, Astaras, A, Foroglou, N, Magras, I & Bamidis, PD 2016, State of the Art and Future Prospects of Nanotechnologies in the Field of Brain-Computer Interfaces. in E Kyriacou, S Christofides & C Pattichis (eds), XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016. : IFMBE Proceedings. vol. 57, Springer, pp. 462-466. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32703-7_90

State of the Art and Future Prospects of Nanotechnologies in the Field of Brain-Computer Interfaces. / Athanasiou, Alkinoos; Klados, Manousos A.; Astaras, Alexander; Foroglou, Nicolas; Magras, Ioannis; Bamidis, Panagiotis D.

XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016. : IFMBE Proceedings. ed. / E Kyriacou; S Christofides ; C Pattichis. Vol. 57 Springer, 2016. p. 462-466.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AU - Bamidis, Panagiotis D.

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AB - This paper presents a new envisaged micro-rheometer device based on a Lab-on-a-Chip solution, focused to biomedical applications with small volume of sample (less than 50 µL). Based on capturing the fluids velocity along a microchannel, this novel device presents great advantages over products already on the market for measuring the fluid viscosity, ranging from the cost to the simplicity of operation. The presented device has the capability to extract the viscosity of any type of fluid with a microdevice manufactured with PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) and electrodes screen-printed over a PET (polyethylene terephthalate) surface. In the present work Newtonian fluids, such as water and ethylene glycol at different concentrations, have been used to calibrate the device, and non-Newtonian fluids such as blood has been employed to test it. We have observed in our initial experiments the predictable Newtonian behavior in the case of water and ethylene glycol and with blood, the non-Newtonian nature of the sample. Analyzing the results, the precision and accuracy of the device has been validated obtaining values of viscosity, with the presented set-up, which differ from those in the literature by a 10%.

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Athanasiou A, Klados MA, Astaras A, Foroglou N, Magras I, Bamidis PD. State of the Art and Future Prospects of Nanotechnologies in the Field of Brain-Computer Interfaces. In Kyriacou E, Christofides S, Pattichis C, editors, XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016. : IFMBE Proceedings. Vol. 57. Springer. 2016. p. 462-466 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32703-7_90